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Charles I Stuart, King of Britain

Charles I Stuart, King of Britain[1]

Male 1600 - 1649  (48 years)

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  • Name Charles I Stuart 
    Suffix King of Britain 
    Born 19 Nov 1600  Dunfermline Palace, Fife, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Acceded 2 Feb 1626  Westminster Abbey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 30 Jan 1649  Whitehall Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Cause: beheaded; the only English King to be publicly executed. 
    Buried St.George's Chapel, Windor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • beheaded; the only English King to be publicly executed.
      Burke says he married 11 May 1625 or 1 May. The Complete Peerage v.XIIpII.914
      He believed that God had made him a King, so he did not need to consult his
      subjects. He managed to rule without a Parliament until 1640, and tried to
      force his Scottish subjects to accept English Church services. When this led
      to a war he could not afford, he promised to share some of his power with
      Parliament. People no longer trusted him and England slid into Civil War.
      http://www.hull.ac.uk/php/cssbct/cgi-bin/gedlkup.php/n=royal?royal00730
    Person ID I16540  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 9 Feb 2008 

    Father James I Stuart, King of Britain,   b. 19 Jun 1566, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 27 Mar 1625, Theobalds Park, Hertfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Mother Anne of Denmark Oldenburg,   b. 14 Oct 1574, Skanderborg Castle, Jutland, Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Mar 1619, Hampton Court Palace, Richmond, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years) 
    Married 23 Nov 1589  Oslo, Norway Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F13267  Group Sheet

    Family Henrietta Maria of France de Bourbon,   b. 26 Nov 1609, Hotel du Louvre, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 31 Aug 1669, Château St Colombes, Near Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 59 years) 
    Married 13 Jun 1625  Saint Augustine's Church, Canterbury, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Charles James Stuart, Duke of Cornwall,   b. 13 May 1629, Greenwich Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 May 1629, Greenwich Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     2. Charles II Stuart, King of Britain,   b. 29 May 1630, St.James Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Feb 1685, Whitehall Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 54 years)
     3. Mary Henrietta Stuart, Princess Royal,   b. 4 Nov 1631, St.James Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Dec 1660, Whitehall Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 29 years)
     4. James II Stuart, King of Britain,   b. 14 Oct 1633, St.James Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 6 Sep 1701, St. Germain-en-Laye, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 67 years)
     5. Elizabeth Stuart,   b. 29 Dec 1635, St.James Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 8 Sep 1650, Carisbrooke Castle, Isle of Wight, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 14 years)
     6. Anne Stuart,   b. 17 Mar 1637, St.James Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Nov 1640, Richmond Palace, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 3 years)
     7. Catherine Stuart,   b. 29 Jun 1639, Whitehall Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 29 Jun 1639, Whitehall Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 0 years)
     8. Henry of Gloucester Stuart, Duke of Gloucester,   b. 8 Jul 1640, Oatlands Palace, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Sep 1660, Whitehall Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 20 years)
     9. Henrietta Anne Stuart, Duchess of Orléans,   b. 16 Jun 1644, Bedford House, Exeter, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 30 Jun 1670, St. Cloud Palace, Paris Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 26 years)
    Last Modified 30 Nov 2006 
    Family ID F7875  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Stuart, Charles I, King of Britain
    Stuart, Charles I, King of Britain
    Charles I, King of England, Scots and Ireland
    Charles I, King of England, Scots and Ireland
    Portrait by Anthony van Dyck, 1636
    Contemporary_German_print_depicting_Charles_I%27s_beheading.jpg
    Contemporary_German_print_depicting_Charles_I%27s_beheading.jpg
    This contemporary German print depicts Charles I's decapitation at 12 O'clock at night because the public were too keen to see Charles decapitated
    Charels_I_by_Daniel_Mytens_in_1631.jpg
    Charels_I_by_Daniel_Mytens_in_1631.jpg

    Portrait of Charles by Daniel Mytens
    Charles_I_Angliae.jpg
    Charles_I_Angliae.jpg
    Sir Anthony van Dyck. Equestrian portrait of Charles I with Seignior de St Antoine
    Charles_i_x_3.jpg
    Charles_i_x_3.jpg
    Sir Anthony van Dyck, Charles I's court painter, created the famous "Charles I, King of England, from Three Angles", commonly known as the "Triple Portrait". This oil painting, of around 1636, was created in order that the Italian sculptor, Bernini, could create a marble bust of Charles
    Van_Dycks_Charles_I.jpg
    Van_Dycks_Charles_I.jpg
    Sir Anthony van Dyck, Charles I's court painter, created the famous "Charles I, King of England, from Three Angles", commonly known as the "Triple Portrait". This oil painting, of around 1636, was created in order that the Italian sculptor, Bernini, could create a marble bust of Charles
    Contemporary_German_print_depicting_Charles_Is_beheading.jpg
    Contemporary_German_print_depicting_Charles_Is_beheading.jpg
    This contemporary German print depicts Charles I's decapitation at 12 O'clock at night because the public were too keen to see Charles decapitated

  • Sources 
    1. [S36] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science, University of Hull, England([email protected]), (This work is Copyright b 1994-2002 Brian C Tompsett).