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Richard I the Fearless of Normandy, 3rd Duke of Normandy

Richard I the Fearless of Normandy, 3rd Duke of Normandy[1]

Male 933 - 996  (63 years)

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  • Name Richard I the Fearless of Normandy   [2
    Suffix 3rd Duke of Normandy 
    Born 28 Aug 933  Fecamp, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Acceded 942 
    _FSFTID LDZM-QC5 
    _FSLINK https://familysearch.org/tree/#view=ancestor&person=LDZM-QC5 
    Died 20 Nov 996  Fecamp, Normandy Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Fecamp, Seine-Inferieure, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Richard I the Fearless of Normandy, Duke of Normandy 3rd

      Acceded: 942
      The line to the dukes of Normandy comes through Isabel St. Liz, a nd the line to Charlemagne comes through her husband, William Mauduit. T he lines merge again with the marriage of Richard I, Duke of Normandy, a nd Emma, daughter of Hugh, who was -in all but name- King of France. His s on, Hugh Capet, later assumed the title, and primogeniture began in the Fr ench line of kings.
      The two lines met again later with the marriage of Adele, daughter of Ki ng Robert II, and Richard III, Duke of Normandy. Richard I, "the Fearless "; named father's heir 29 May 942. Married first (Danish wife) Gunnora b ut betrothed ca. 945 and eventually married 960 to Emma. Richard was betro thed to Emma for some time but did not marry her until about 960, after t he death of her father, Hugh the Great, in 956. Richard was the guardi an of Hugh's son, the Duke of Paris, and eventually married Emma to streng then his position. He did not treat her unkindly, he merely loved Gunnor a. Poor Emma passed her life at Rouen alone and solitary, and eventually s he pined away and died about the year 962. After Emma's death he married ( Christian marriage) Gunnora to legitimize their children.

      http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/PLANTAGENET.htm#Richard I the Fearless of Nor mandy (3° D. Normandy)


      http://www.hull.ac.uk/php/cssbct/cgi-bin/gedlkup.php/n=royal?royal01530



      http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps05/ps05_177.htm

      Weis' "Ancestral Roots. . ." (39:22), (119:24), (121E:20), (177:3),
      (214:22), (235:19), (250:20). "RICHARD I, "the Fearless", Duke of
      Normandy, b. Fecamp ca. 933, named father's h. 29 May 942, d. 20 Nov.
      996; m. (1) (Danish wife) GUNNOR, d. 1027 or 1031, dau. of the forester
      of Arques, but betrothed ca. 945 & event. m. (2) 960 to Emma, d. ca. 968,
      dau. HUGH CAPET ..., Count of Paris. After Emma's death, m. (Christian
      marriage) GUNNOR to legit. their children. "

      Cokayne's "Complete Peerage" (Appendix D to v.VII, p.711), identifies him
      as father of ROBERT, COUNT OF EVREUX.

      Stuart's "Royalty For Commoners" (166:33).

      From Rosamond McKitterick.s, "The Frankish Kingdoms under the
      Carolingians 751-987", London & NY (Longman) 1983, pp. 238-239:
      "When in 942 WILLIAM was murdered at the instigation of COUNT
      ARNULF OF FLANDERS (RIN 2173), his son Richard, still a minor,
      succeeded him. LOUIS IV (RIN 1617) and HUGH THE GREAT (RIN 1206)
      each tried to sieze Normandy, and LOUIS took charge of Richard. He then
      ensconced himself at Rouen and HUGH took Bayeux, which still had a
      Scandinavian leader called Sictric. Richard escaped from his custody at
      Laon, retook Rouen, and called on another Viking leader, Harald of the
      Bassin, for help. The Normans under Richard were able to re-establish
      their autonomy and from 947 Richard governed in relative peace. In 965
      he swore allegiance to the Carolingian king Lothar [son of LOUIS IV] at
      Gisors. Richard's official marriage was to Emma, daughter of HUGH THE
      GREAT; they had no children, but by his common-law wife GUNNOR, a
      Dane, he had many. RICHARD II, son of GUNNOR and Richard I, succeeded
      his father in 996, another son Robert was archbishop of Rouen from 989
      to 1037 and EMMA their daughter became queen of England on her
      marriage to AETHELREAD, a position she maintained after his death in
      1016 by marrying Knut. GUNNOR's nephews and other relatives
      furthermore formed the core of the new aristocracy which developed in
      the course of the eleventh century. Unfortunately we know little about
      the internal organization and history of Normandy until the reign of
      RICHARD II."

      From "Predatory Kinship and the Creation of Norman Power, 840-1066"
      by Eleanor Searle, University of California Press, 1988:
      "The Acknowledged Children of Richard I: Sons. The most revealing
      evidence of the prestige and power of Richard and his successor is to be
      found in the endowments and marriages of their children. The wife
      whose Norseness and high status made her an acceptable equal in the
      eyes of his chieftains was a woman whose children commanded paternal
      recognition, for they would have powerful maternal kinsmen upon whose
      loyalty they could call. Even so, it is remarkable that Dudo, with GUNNOR
      at his side, tells the reader only the number of children she bore Richard:
      five boys and three girls. He does not give their names, and Richard's
      sons defy full identification. RICHARD II was certainly GUNNOR's son, as
      was his virtual coruler, Robert, archbishop of Rouen. Charters identify
      their relationship clearly, but they do not identify any of her husband's
      other sons as GUNNOR's...." (p. 132, see below for source)
      "Richard I and his new settler -in-laws of the 960s were the winners
      who lasted. In becoming so they learned (and taught) two principles of
      success that marked them off from the Franks. They learned the value of
      a strong centralizing chieftain who could at least freeze the status quo
      once his own local chieftains had taken what they wanted. The more
      successful he was, the more chiefs attached themselves to him for just
      this: with his warranty, backed by his chieftains, their defeated enemies
      could not recover by violence what had been taken from them by violence.
      Thus were the Norman dukes 'settlers of quaarrels.' Fearlessness was
      the necessary quality in such a corrdinating chieftain, and Richard I, who
      has no encomiast of his deeds, has at least this sobriquet, "the Fearless"
      Those who were great fighters and the ruthlessly, selectively violent,
      were the great centralizers among the threatened and rapacious Norse."

      During the minority of his (WILLIAM LONG-SWORD) successor, Duke
      Richard, KING LOUIS IV, who was making an expedition into Normandy,
      was captured by the inhabitants of Rouen and handed over to HUGH THE
      GREAT. From this time onwards the dukes of Normandy began to enter
      into relations with the dukes of France; and in 958 Duke Richard married
      HUGH THE GREAT's daughter. He died in 996. (Succeeded by RICHARD II.)

      References: [RFC],[ES],[RoyalAAF],[Paget1],[Weis1],[AR7], [PlantagenetA],[ConverseA],[CP]


      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_I,_Duke_of_Normandy
    Person ID I2632  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 26 Jan 2015 

    Father William I Longsword of Normandy, 2nd Duke of Normandy,   b. 900,   d. 17 Dec 942  (Age 42 years) 
    Mother Sprota (Adela) of Senlis,   b. Bretagne, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    _STAT Associated with 
    Family ID F700  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Emma (Agnes) of Paris France Capet,   d. Abt 962 
    Married Between 960 and 962  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 10 Apr 2013 
    Family ID F1082  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Gunnora de Crepon, Duchess of Normandy,   b. Abt 936, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1031, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 95 years) 
    Married Aft 962  France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Richard II The Good of Normandy, 4th Duke of Normandy,   b. Abt 970, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 28 Aug 1026, Fecamp, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 56 years)
     2. Robert of Evereaux (of Normandy), Archbishop of Rouen, 1st Count D'Rouen,   b. Abt 965, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1037  (Age ~ 72 years)
     3. Maud of Normandy, Countess of Blois,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Beatrice of Normandy, Viscountess,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Emma of Normandy, Queen of England,   b. Abt 986, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 14 Mar 1052, Winchester, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years)
     6. Godfrey of Brionne and Eu de Brionne, 1st Count of Brionne,   b. 953, Brionne, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1015  (Age 62 years)
     7. Mauger of Corbeil de Mortain, Comte De Corbeil,   d. Yes, date unknown
     8. William of Hiesmes, 1st Count of Eu,   d. 26 Jan 1057
     9. Hedwig (Hawise) of Normandy, Duchess of Brittany,   b. Abt 975, Bretagne, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Feb 1034  (Age ~ 59 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F1079  Group Sheet

    Family 3 Papia De Envermeu,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Type: Associated with 
    _STAT Associated with 
    Children 
     1. Papia of Normandy,   b. Abt 960, Normandy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1075  (Age ~ 115 years)
    Last Modified 13 Apr 2007 
    Family ID F551608990  Group Sheet

    Married Type: Associated with 
    _STAT Associated with 
    Children 
     1. William of Normandy,   b. 980,   d. 1015  (Age 35 years)
     2. Sprota of Normandy,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 13 Apr 2007 
    Family ID F1080  Group Sheet

    Married Type: Associated with 
    _STAT Associated with 
    Children 
     1. Muriella of Normandy,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Fredesende of Normandy,   b. 995,   d. 1057  (Age 62 years)
    Last Modified 13 Apr 2007 
    Family ID F1081  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Family Tree
    Family Tree of William the Conqueror
    Richard I, Duke of Normandy
    Richard I, Duke of Normandy
    Photo of Richard the Fearless as part of the Six Dukes of Normandy statue in the Falaise town square.

  • Sources 
    1. [S27] http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/.

    2. [S36] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science, University of Hull, England([email protected]), (This work is Copyright b 1994-2002 Brian C Tompsett).