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Ratu Tanoa Visawaqa, Vunivalu of Bau[1, 2]

Male Abt 1791 - 1852  (~ 61 years)


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  • Name Tanoa Visawaqa 
    Prefix Ratu 
    Suffix Vunivalu of Bau 
    Born Abt 1791  Bau, Tailevu, Fiji, Pacific Islands Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Acceded 1829  Bau, Tailevu, Fiji, Pacific Islands Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Vunivalu of Bau (1st term) 
    • Vunivalu of Bau 1829 - 1832; Preceded by Ratu Naulivou Ramatenikutu Succeeded by Navuaka Komainaqaranikula Tui Veikoso
    Name change Bef 1832 
    Visawaqa "Burner of boats" 
    • «b»The Burner of Boats
      «/b»It was before his exile that Tanoa was named Tanoa "Visawaqa" for his bloody campaign and slaying of the Roko Tui Bau, Ratu Raiwalui, he set fire to the War Canoes of the warriors of the Roko Tui Bau, and was thereafter called Tanoa "Burner of boats" or figuratively "excessive killer", even though Ratu Naulivou sent his brother Tanoa on the mission to punish the Roko Tui Bau and his followers he did not expect the bloodbath that would follow and Tanoa's actions greatly worried his brother.
    Exile 1832 
    • As the animosity intensified, Ratu Tanoa was forced into exile, firstly on Koro Island and then in Somosomo on Taveuni , where he remained until his son, Ratu Seru Cakobau led a coup in 1837, reinstalling his father as Vunivalu until his death in 1852, whereupon Cakobau inherited the title. He had 9 wives; amongst his issue were Ratu Tubuanakoro and Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau .
    reinstaled 1837  Bau, Tailevu, Fiji, Pacific Islands Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Vunivalu of Bau (2nd Term) 
    • In 1837, Ratu Cakobau reinstalled his father as Vunivalu and he was Vunivalu until his death in 1852

      Vunivalu of Bau (2nd Term) 1837-1852
      Preceded by: Navuaka Komainaqaranikula Tui Veikoso
      Succeeded by: Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau
    Name Ratu Tanoa 
    _FSFTID LVWG-ZFD 
    _FSLINK https://familysearch.org/tree/#view=ancestor&person=LVWG-ZFD 
    Died 8 Dec 1852  Bau, Tailevu, Fiji, Pacific Islands Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Notes 
    • «u»Ratu «/u» Tanoa Visawaqa (pronounced [ßisa: 'wa: nnga] was a Fijian Chieftain who held the title «u»Vunivalu «/u» of «u»Bau «/u». With Adi Savusavu, one of his nine wives, he was the father of «u»Seru Epenisa Cakobau «/u», who succeeded in unifying Fiji into a «u»single kingdom «/u».


      The son of «u»Ratu Banuve Baleivavalagi «/u» and father of the first «u»Tui Viti «/u», «u»Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau «/u», Ratu Tanoa was installed as Vunivalu upon the death of his elder brother «u»Ratu Naulivou Ramatenikutu «/u», who was involved in a fierce power struggle against the «u»Roko Tui Bau, Ratu Raiwalui «/u», which led to his death.
      The idea of a Tui Viti was conceived in the Rule of Tanoa but saw fruition in the reign of his son Seru.

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanoa_Visawaqa

      Ratu «b»Tanoa Visawaqa«/b», 5th Vunivalu of Bau 1829/1832 and 1837/1852, married 9 wives (6 of whom were strangled to death in December 1852), 1stly, Adi Talatoka, daughter of Ratu Yavalu, 4th «u»Tui Cakau «/u», (married 1stly, Ratu Naulivou Ramatenikutu, ), married 2ndly, Adi Savusavu, married 3rdly, Adi Qereitoga from Rewa, married 4thly, Adi Vulase from Vuda, married 5thly, Adi Manakilagi from Koro, married 6thly, Adi Reki, married 7thly, an unknown lady, married 8thly, Vulaono, married 9thly, Litia Vereivalu of Gau, and had issue, twelve children. He died 8th December 1852.
      http://members.iinet.net.au/~royalty/states/fiji/vunivalu.html
      Notes on Fijian Burial Customs. By the Rev. Lorimer Fision.

      The Rev. Thomas Williams, in his valuable work on "Fiji and the Fijians," has described the funeral ceremonies which came under his notice. To that account many interesting particulars may be added, for there is no uniformity of custom in Fiji, and no description of what is done by any one tribe can be taken as applicable to all others.

      One custom, however, seems to have been everywhere practiced, namely the strangling of widows that they might be buried with their dead husbands. On the death of a great chief, many women were thus sacrificed, the victims being generally his Patina lalai, or "little wives." I.e., women of inferior rank, though sometimes one or more ot the patina mbau, who were all marama, or ladies of rank, would volunteer to be buried with him. The strangled women were the thotho, or "carpeting of his grave."

      Notes on Fijian Burial Customs.
      Lorimer Fison
      The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland
      Vol. 10, (1881), pp. 137-149
      Published by: «u»Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland <http://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=rai>«/u»
      Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2841604
    • (Research):http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Fijian_chiefs

      http://members.iinet.net.au/~royalty/states/fiji/vunivalu.html

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanoa_Visawaqa

      https://www.geni.com/people/Ratu-Loaloadravu-Tubuanakoro/6000000020575290244

      Tanoa: He succeeded his brother Na-Ulivou and died at an advanced age, a heathen and cannibal, December 8«sup»th«/sup», 1852. His reign of twenty-three years was not happy or peaceful. Rebellious subjects and rebellious sons filled it with anxiety. Once he had to fly his chief city; and for a number of years his fear of Raivalita\endash one of his sons\endash kept him a close prisoner. Several years before his death, old age disqualified Tanoa for the discharge of the active duties of his position, which were attended to by one of his sons acting in the capacity of Regent. Tanoa was a proud man: when gray and wrinkled, he tried to hide these marks of age by a plentiful application of black powder. He was also cruel and implacable. Mothelotu, one of his cousins, was so unhappy as to offend him, and sought with tears and entreaties for forgiveness; but the purpose of the cruel Chief was fixed, that Mothelotu should die. After having kissed his relative, Tanoa cut off his arm at the elbow, and drank the blood as it flowed warm from the severed veins. The arm, still quivering with life, he threw on the fire, and, when sufficiently cooked, ate it in the presence of its proper owner, who was then dismembered, limb by limb, while the savage murderer looked with pitiless brutality on the dying agonies of his victim.

      At a later period, Tanoa sentenced his youngest son to die by the club. The blow given by the brother who was appointed as his executioner, was not fatal. The father, knowing of his entreaty for mercy, shouted angrily, "Kill him! Kill him!" and the horrible act was completed. Nearly the last words spoken by this man of blood were formed into the question, "How many will follow me?"meaning, How many women do you intend to strangle at my death?" Being assured that five of his wives would then be sacrificed, he died with satisfaction.
      Page19 and 20

      The name of the tribe from which the kings of Mbau are taken is Tui Kamba. The four chief personages or families in this state are the Rokotuimbau, the Tunitonga, the Vusarandavi, and the Tui Kamba.
      Page 20

      "Fiji and the Fijians", Vol. I., The Islands and Their Inhabitants., by Thomas Williams, late missionary in Fiji,. Edited by George Stringer Rowe., London; Alexander Heylin, 28, Paternoster Row. 1858. Printed by William Nichols, 82, London Wall.
    Person ID I289  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Feb 2015 

    Father Ratu Banuve Baleivavalagi, 2nd Vunivalu of Bau,   d. Feb 1803 
    Mother Roko Lewasaki, of Rewa,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F487  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Adi Savusavu,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Fiji, Pacific Islands Find all individuals with events at this location  [1
    Children 
     1. Ratu Tubuanakoro,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Ratu Seru Epenisa Cakobau, Tui Viti,   b. Abt 1815, Lakeba, Lau Island Group, Fiji, Pacific Islands Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1 Feb 1883, Bau, Tailevu, Fiji, Pacific Islands Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 68 years)
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2015 
    Family ID F105  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Adi Talatoka,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Adi Loaloakubou,   d. 1875
     2. Ratu Dranibaka,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 11 Jan 2015 
    Family ID F551619263  Group Sheet

    Family 3 Adi Qereitoga,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Adi Vani Cecere,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Ratu Doviverata,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2015 
    Family ID F551619270  Group Sheet

    Family 4 Adi Vulase,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Ratu Sake,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2015 
    Family ID F551619271  Group Sheet

    Family 5 Adi Manakilagi,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Adi Masivesi,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Adi Merevesi,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2015 
    Family ID F551619272  Group Sheet

    Family 6 Adi Reki,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Ratu Kubuanavua,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2015 
    Family ID F551619273  Group Sheet

    Family 7 Unknown Lady,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Adi Kainona,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2015 
    Family ID F551619274  Group Sheet

    Family 8 Vulaono,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Ratu Savenaca,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2015 
    Family ID F551619275  Group Sheet

    Family 9 Litia Vereivalu,   b. Abt 1800, Bau, Tailevu, Fiji, Pacific Islands Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Bau, Tailevu, Fiji, Pacific Islands Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Ratu Loaloadravu Tubuanakoro,   d. 1832
    Last Modified 7 Jan 2015 
    Family ID F551619276  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Ratu Tanoa Visawaqa
    Ratu Tanoa Visawaqa

  • Sources 
    1. [S284] Verbal records: Supplied by Adi Divono, Roko Tui Waimaro, (Adi Fulori's Ancestry: From Oral History recited to me by Roko Tui Waimaro, Adi Pataresia Vonokula (Adi Divono) and taken down by hand by me at her home in Nabukaluka, Waimoro, Fiji 1983).

    2. [S1750] "Fiji and the Fijians", Vol. I., The Islands and Their Inhabitants., by Thomas Williams, Thomas Williams, (Londin: William Nichols, 82, London Wall., 1858.), vol I: 19 and 20. (Reliability: 3).

    3. [S1742] Henry Soszynski, World of Royalty Website, 1996-2012, Vunivalu page., Soszynsk, Henry, (http://members.iinet.net.au/~royalty/states/fiji/vunivalu.html), ) (Reliability: 3).