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Marguerite of  France le Hardi

Marguerite of France le Hardi[1]

Female 1279 - 1317  (38 years)

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  • Name Marguerite of France le Hardi  [2
    Born 1279  Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Female 
    Died 14 Feb 1317  Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried Grey Friars Church, Newgate, London Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • Notes:
      Other sources show her born in 1282

      Margaret of France«/b» (1279 ?«u»[1]«/u» \endash 14 February 1318«u»[1]«/u»), a daughter of «u»Philip III of France «/u» and «u»Maria of Brabant «/u», was «u»Queen of England «/u» as the second wife of King «u»Edward I of England «/u».


      «/b»Three years after the death of his beloved first wife, «u»Eleanor of Castile «/u», at the age of 49 in 1290, Edward I was still grieving. But news got to him of the beauty of Blanche, daughter of the late King Philip III. Edward decided that he would marry Blanche at any cost and sent out emissaries to negotiate the marriage with her half-brother, King «u»Philip IV «/u». It was also much to Edward's benefit to make peace with France to free him to pursue his wars in Scotland. Philip agreed to give Blanche to Edward on the following conditions:

      A truce was concluded between the two countries.

      Edward gave up the province of Gascony.

      Edward agreed and sent his brother «u»Edmund Crouchback «/u», «u»Earl of Lancaster «/u», to fetch the new bride. Edward had been deceived, for Blanche was to be married to «u»Rudolph III of Habsburg «/u», the eldest son of King «u»Albert I of Germany «/u». Instead, Philip offered her younger sister Margaret, a young girl of 11, to marry Edward (then 55). Upon hearing this, Edward declared war on «u»France «/u», refusing to marry Margaret. After five years, a «u»truce «/u» was agreed, under the terms of which Edward would marry Margaret, would regain the key city of «u»Guienne «/u», and receive £15,000 owed to Margaret.

      Edward was then 60 years old. The wedding took place at «u»Canterbury «/u» on 8 September 1299. Marguerite was never crowned, being the first uncrowned queen since the «u»Conquest «/u».«u»[3]
      Edward soon returned to the Scottish border to continue his campaigns and left Margaret in «u»London «/u». After several months, bored and lonely, the young queen decided to join her husband. Nothing could have pleased the king more, for Margaret's actions reminded him of his first wife Eleanor, who had had two of her sixteen children abroad.

      Margaret soon became firm friends with her stepdaughter Mary, a nun, who was two years older than the young queen. She and her stepson, Edward (who was two years younger than her), also became fond of each other: he once made her a gift of an expensive ruby and gold ring, and she on one occasion rescued many of the Prince's friends from the wrath of the King. In less than a year Margaret gave birth to a son, and then another a year later. It is said that many who fell under the king's wrath were saved from too stern a punishment by the queen's influence over her husband, and the statement, «i»Pardoned solely on the intercession of our dearest consort, queen Margaret of England«/i», appears.

      The mismatched couple were blissfully happy. When Blanche died in 1305 (her husband never became Emperor), Edward ordered all the court to go into mourning to please his queen. He had realised the wife he had gained was "a pearl of great price". The same year Margaret gave birth to a girl, Eleanor, named in honour of Edward's first queen, a choice of which surprised many, and showed Margaret's unjealous nature.


      «/b»In all, Margaret gave birth to three children:

      «tab»«u»Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk «/u» (1300 - 1338)
      «u»«tab»Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent «/u» (1301 \endash 1330)
      «tab»Eleanor of England (4 May 1306 - 1311)

      «b»Later life

      «/b»She never remarried after Edward's death in 1307, despite being only 26 when widowed. She lived out the remainder of her life in «u»Marlborough Castle «/u», by this time a dower house, and used her immense dowry to relieve people's suffering. Her saying was, «i»"when Edward died, all men died for me"«/i». She died just 10 years after her husband, at the age of 36, and was buried at «u»Greyfriar's Church «/u», «u»Greenwich «/u».
    Person ID I4234  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 5 Oct 2015 

    Father Philip III the Bold of France le Hardi, King of France,   b. 1 May 1245, Poissy, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Oct 1285, Perpignan Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Mother Mary of Brabant,   d. 1321 
    Family ID F1228  Group Sheet

    Family Edward I Longshanks Plantagenet, King of England,   b. 17 Jun 1239, Westminster Palace, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 7 Jul 1307, Burgh-On-The-Sands, Near Carlisle, Cumberland, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 68 years) 
    Married 8 Sep 1299  Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
     1. Thomas of Brotherton Plantagenet, 1st Earl Norfolk,   b. 1 Jun 1300, Manor House in Brotherton, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Aug 1338  (Age 38 years)
     2. Edmund of Woodstock Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Kent,   b. 5 Aug 1301, Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Mar 1329, Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years)
     3. Eleanor Plantagenet,   b. 6 May 1306,   d. 1310  (Age 3 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F1224  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Queen consort of England

  • Sources 
    1. [S36] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science, University of Hull, England([email protected]), (This work is Copyright b 1994-2002 Brian C Tompsett).

    2. [S27]