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Eochaidh Buidhe of Argyll MacAidan, King of Scots

Male Abt 565 - Abt 629  (~ 64 years)

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  • Name Eochaidh Buidhe of Argyll MacAidan  [1
    Suffix King of Scots 
    Born Abt 565 
    Gender Male 
    Died Abt 629  Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • «b»«/b»


      Eochy I Buide reigned 608-629, The surname Boyd is said to derive from his name. He is also called King of the Picts.

      The system of succession to kingship amongst the Scots differed from the one we follow today. Now, our monarchs are chosen by a hereditary system known as primogeniture: generally, the eldest son of a deceased king succeeds to the throne. Primogeniture is relatively straightforward, but has the disadvantage of sometimes resulting in minorities, which occur whenever the heir to the throne is too young to fulfil his duties. A regency has to be established until the king comes of age, and this often produces political instability. The Scots, in contrast, followed the Celtic law of tanistry. Tanistry requires that a brother or cousin of the king be nominated by him as his successor. Thus, the throne tends to pass between different branches of the royal family. The advantage of this system is that there is always a mature king on the throne. The disadvantage, as the Scots learned throughout their history, is that it sometimes leads to assassination and to warfare between competing claimants to the throne.
      Amongst the kings of Dalriada, the succession alternated between the descendants of Erc, with those of Fergus dominating. In fact, after Loarn, the kingship did not pass to this branch of the family until Ferchar Fota, who died in 697. Two sons, and then two grandsons of Ferchar Fota came to the throne, but after this it remained firmly in the hands of the descendants of Fergus. At the time of Ferchar Fota's reign, Dalriada was a weakened kingdom; the throne was fleetingly held by the various claimants, and the Scots were dominated by the Picts. Only Selbach of the Tribe of Loarn had a long reign of twenty-three years.


      «/b»Died c. 629 (after Connad Cerr)
      Eochaid Buide
      Eochaid mac Áedáin
      Cenél nGabráin; son of Áedán
      Known from «u»Adomnán of Iona «/u»'s «i»Life of Saint Columba«/i»


      Eochaid Buide«/b» was king of «u»Dál Riata «/u» from around 608 until 629. "Buide" refers to the colour yellow, as in the colour of his hair.
      He was a younger son of «u»Áedán mac Gabráin «/u» and became his father's chosen heir upon the death of his elder brothers. «u»Adomnán «/u»'s «i»Life of Saint «u»Columba «/u»«/i» has Columba foresee that Eochaid, then a child, will succeed his father in preference to his adult brothers Artúr, Eochaid Find and Domangart.
      In the last two years of his reign, 627\endash 629, Eochaid was apparently co-ruler with «u»Connad Cerr «/u», who predeceased him. Eochaid was followed by his son «u»Domnall Brecc«/u».
      Eochaid's other sons named by the «u»Senchus fer n-Alban «/u» are «u»Conall Crandomna «/u», Failbe (who died at the «u»Battle of Fid Eoin «/u»), Cú-cen-máthair (whose death is reported in the «u»Annals of Ulster «/u» for 604), Conall Bec, Connad or Conall Cerr (who may be the same person as Connad Cerr who died at Fid Eoin), Failbe, Domangart and Domnall Donn (not the same person as «u»Domnall Donn «/u» unless his obituary is misplaced by 45 years like that of «u»Ferchar mac Connaid «/u»)
      According to the «i»Fled Dúin na nGéd«/i», Eochaid Buide was the grandfather of «u»Congal Cáech «/u». The story has anachronistic features as it has Eochaid alive at the time of the battle of Mag Rath (securely dated to within a year of 637), but it is chronologically feasible that Congal Cáech could have been the son of Eochaid's daughter if the identification of Cú-cen-máthair and the dating of his death is correct.
    Person ID I5266  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Aidan Mac Gabhran, King of Scots,   b. Abt 516, Argyll, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 608, Argyll, Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 92 years) 
    Mother Domelch of the Picts,   b. Abt 515, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Abt 535  Scotland Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1652  Group Sheet

     1. Domnall the Speckled of Argyll Brecc, King of Scots,   b. Abt 595,   d. Abt 643, Strathcarron Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 48 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F1651  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S36] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science, University of Hull, England([email protected]), (This work is Copyright b 1994-2002 Brian C Tompsett).