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Judah ben Jacob the Israelite, King of Goshen

Judah ben Jacob the Israelite, King of Goshen[1, 2, 3, 4, 5]

Male - Yes, date unknown

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  • Name Judah ben Jacob the Israelite  
    Suffix King of Goshen 
    Born Padan-aram Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Name Juda 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    • «b»Judah was the King of Goshen. Tamir had twins by him. «/b»

      ·the fourth son of Jacob and his first wife Leah (1)
      ·gave his name to the "Jewish" people
      ·he was called Judah, which means praise, for his mother Leah praised the lord for his birth (1)
      ·blessed, with all his descendants, by his father Jacob || Genesis 49:8-10 "Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father's children shall bow down before thee. Judah is a lion's whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be." (1)

      Luke 3:33

      Judah«/b»/«b»Yehuda«/b» («u»Hebrew «/u»: , «u»Standard «/u» «i»Y«/i» «u»Tiberian «/u» «i»Y«/i») was, according to the «u»Book of Genesis «/u», the fourth son of «u»Jacob «/u» and «u»Leah «/u», and the founder of the «u»Israelite Tribe «/u» of «u»Judah «/u»; however some «u»Biblical scholars «/u» view this as postdiction, an «u»eponymous «/u» «u»metaphor «/u» providing an «u»aetiology «/u» of the connectedness of the tribe to others in the Israelite confederation. With Leah as a matriarch, Biblical scholars regard the tribe as having been believed by the text's authors to have been part of the original Israelite confederation; however, it is worthy of note that the tribe of Judah was not purely Israelite, but contained a large admixture of non-Israelites, with a number of «u»Kenizzite «/u» groups, the «u»Jerahmeelites «/u», and the «u»Kenites «/u», merging into the tribe at various points.
      The text of the «u»Torah «/u» argues that the name of «i»Judah«/i», meaning «i»to praise«/i», refers to Leah's intent to praise «u»Yahweh «/u», on account of having achieved four children, and derived from «i»odeh«/i», meaning «i»I will give praise«/i». In «u»classical rabbinical literature «/u», the name is interpreted as just being a combination of «i»Yahweh«/i» and a «u»dalet «/u» (the letter «i»d«/i»); in «u»Gematria «/u», the dalet has the numerical value «i»4«/i», which these rabbinical sources argue refers to Judah being Jacob's fourth son
      When «u»Reuben «/u» lost his firstborn right ( kingship, preisthood, and the double-portion), Judah inherited kingship instead.

      «b»Births and deaths
      According to «u»Classical rabbinical literature «/u», Judah was born on the 15th of «u»Sivan «/u»; classical sources differ on the date of death, with the «u»Book of Jubilees «/u» advocating a death at age 119, 18 years before «u»Levi «/u», but the «u»midrashic Book of Jasher «/u» advocating a death at the age of 129. The marriage of Judah and births of his children are described in a passage widely regarded as an abrupt change to the surrounding narrative. The passage is often regarded as presenting a significant chronological issue, as the surrounding context appears to constrain the events of the passage to happening within 22 years, and the context together with the passage itself requires the birth of the grandson of Judah and of his son's wife, and the birth of that son, to have happened within this time (to be consistent, this requires an average of less than 8 years gap per generation). According to textual scholars, the reason for the abrupt interruption this passage causes to the surrounding narrative, and the chronological anomaly it seems to present, is that it derives from the «u»Jahwist «/u» source, while the immediately surrounding narrative is from the «u»Elohist .«/u»
      In this passage, Judah married the daughter of «u»Shuah «/u», a «u»Canaanite «/u». The Book of Jubilees argues for «i»Bat Shua«/i» as the name of the wife, the midrashic Book of Jasher argues for «i»lllit«/i» as her name. The passage goes on to state that Judah and his wife had three children between them - «u»Er «/u», «u»Onan «/u», and «u»Shelah «/u» - and that the first married «u»Tamar «/u»; after Er died without any children, Tamar became Onan's wife «u»in accordance with custom «/u», but he too died without children. The narrative continues by stating that Judah decided that marriage to Tamar was cursed to be fatal, and so avoided letting Shelah marry her; this would have left Tamar unable to have children, so she managed to trick Judah into cohabiting with her, by pretending to be a «u»prostitute «/u». According to the text, when Judah discovered that Tamar was pregnant, he intended to have her «u»burnt «/u», but when he discovered that he was the father, he recanted and confessed that he had used a prostitute; she was pregnant with twins, and they were «u»Pharez «/u» and «u»Zerah «/u», the fourth and fifth sons of Judah. According to the «u»Talmud «/u», Judah's confession atoned for some of his prior faults, and itself resulted in him being divinely rewarded by «u»a share in the future world «/u».
      The main motive of the Tamar narrative, is, according to many Biblical scholars, an eponymous aetiological myth concerning the fluctuations in the constituency of the tribe of Judah; textual scholars attribute the narrative to the «u»Yahwist «/u», though Biblical scholars regard it as concerning the state of the clans not much earlier. A number of scholars have proposed that the deaths of Er and Onan reflect the dying out of two clans; «i»Onan«/i» may represent an «u»Edomite «/u» clan named «i»Onam«/i», who are mentioned in an Edomite genealogy in Genesis,while «i»Er«/i» appears from a genealogy in the «u»Book of Chronicles «/u» to have later been subsumed by the «i»Shelah«/i» clan.
      Some scholars have argued that the narrative secondarily aims to either assert the institution of «u»levirate marriage «/u», or present an aetiological myth for its origin, since it highlights cases of marriage for pleasure not for having children (Onan), of refusal to perform the marriage (Jacob, on behalf of Shelah), and of levirate activities with men related to the dead husband other than fraternally; Emerton regards the evidence for this as inconclusive, though according to classical rabbinical writers this is the origin of levirate marriage. A number of scholars, particularly in recent decades (as of 1980), have proposed that the narrative reflects an «u»anachronistic «/u» interest in the biblical account of king «u»David «/u», with the character of «u»Tamar «/u» being the same; the proposals partly being due to the scenes of the narrative - «u»Adullam «/u», «u»Chezib «/u», and «u»Timnah «/u» - overlapping.
      The «u»Book of Chronicles «/u» mentions that «i»... a ruler came from Judah ...«/i», which «u»classical rabbinical sources «/u»took to imply that Judah was the leader of his brothers, terming him «i»the king«/i». The same part of the Book of Chronicles also describes Judah as the «i»strongest of his brothers«/i», and rabbinical literature portrays him as having had extraordinary physical strength, able to shout for over 400 «u»parasangs «/u», able to crush iron into dust by his mouth, and with hair that stiffened so much, when he became angry, that it pierced his clothes.
      «b»Fighting Canaanites
      «/b»Classical rabbinical sources allude to a war between the «u»Canaanites «/u» and Judah's family (which isn't mentioned in the Bible), as a result of their destruction of «u»Shechem «/u» in revenge for the «u»rape of Dinah «/u»; Judah features heavily as a protagonist in accounts of this war. In these accounts Judah kills «u»Jashub «/u», king of «u»Tappuah «/u», in hand-to-hand combat, after first having deposed Jashub from his horse by throwing an extremely heavy stone (60 «u»shekels «/u» in weight) at him from a large distance away (the «u»Midrash Wayissau «/u» states 177 cubits, while other sources have only 30 «u»cubits «/u»); the accounts say that Judah was able to achieve this even though he was himself under attack, from arrows which Jashub was shooting at him with both hands. The accounts go on to state that while Judah was trying to remove Jashub's armour from his corpse, nine assistants of Jashub fell upon him in combat, but after Judah killed one, he scared away the others; nevertheless, Judah killed several members of Jashub's army (42 men according to the «u»midrashic Book of Jasher «/u», but 1000 men according to the «u»«i»Testament of Judah «/u»«/i»).
      «b»Selling Joseph
      «/b»In the Torah's «u»Joseph «/u» narrative, when his brothers are jealous of Joseph and contemplate murdering him, Judah suggests that the brothers should sell Joseph to some passing «u»Ishmaelites «/u»;«u»]«/u» it is unclear from the narrative whether Judah's motives were to save Joseph, or to harm him but keep him alive but does clearly state that he sold him for 20 pieces of silver saying "how can we profit from conselling our brothers blood". The narrative goes on to state that the brothers dipped Joseph's coat in fresh goat's blood, and showed it to Jacob, after Joseph had gone, so that he would think that Joseph was dead; according to some classical rabbinical sources, Jacob suspected that Judah had killed Joseph, especially, according to the «u»Midrash Tanhuma «/u», when Judah was the one who had brought the blood stained coat to Jacob.
      Since rabbinical sources held Judah to have been the leader of his brothers, these sources also hold him responsible for this deception, even if it was not Judah himself who brought the coat to Jacob. Even if Judah had been trying to save Joseph, the classical rabbinical sources still regard him negatively for it; these sources argue that, as the leader of the brothers, Judah should have made more effort, and carried Joseph home to Jacob on his (Judah's) own shoulders. These sources argue that Judah's brothers, after witnessing Jacob's grief at the loss of Joseph, deposed and «u»excommunicated «/u» Judah, as the brothers held Judah entirely responsible, since they would have brought Joseph home if Judah had asked them to do so. Divine punishment, according to such classical sources, was also inflicted on Judah in punishment; the death of Er and Onan, and of his wife, are portrayed in by such classical rabbis as being acts of divine retribution.
      «b»Protecting Benjamin
      «/b»The Biblical Joseph narrative eventually describes Joseph as meeting his brothers again, while he is in a position of power, and without his brothers recognising him; in this latter part of the narrative, Benjamin initially remains in Canaan, and so Joseph takes «u»Simeon «/u» hostage, and insists that the brothers return with their younger brother (Benjamin) to prove they aren't «i»spies«/i». The narrative goes on to state that Judah offers himself to Jacob as «u»surety «/u» for Benjamin's safety, and manages to persuade him to let them take Benjamin to «u»Egypt «/u»; according to classical rabbinical literature, because Judah had proposed that he should bear any blame «i»forever«/i», this ultimately led to his bones being rolled around his coffin without cease, while it was being carried during «u»the Exodus «/u», until «u»Moses «/u» interceded with God, by arguing that Judah's confession (in regard to cohabiting with Tamar) had led to «u»Reuben «/u» confessing his own incest.
      When, in the Joseph narrative, the brothers return with Benjamin to Joseph, Joseph tests whether the brothers have reformed by tricking them into a situation where he can demand the «u»enslavement «/u» of «u»Benjamin «/u». The narrative describes Judah as making an impassioned plea against enslaving Benjamin, ultimately making Joseph recant and reveal his identity; the «u»«i»Genesis Rabbah «/u»«/i», and particularly the midrashic «i»book of Jasher«/i», expand on this by describing Judah's plea as much more extensive than given in the Torah, and more vehement.
      The classical rabbinical literature goes on to argue that Judah reacted violently to the threat against Benjamin, shouting so loudly that «u»Hushim «/u», who was then in Canaan, was able to hear Judah ask him to travel to «u»Egypt «/u», to help Judah destroy it; some sources have Judah angrily picking up an extremely heavy stone (400 shekels in weight), throwing it into the air, then grinding it to dust with his feet once it had landed. These rabbinical sources argue that Judah had «u»Naphtali «/u» enumerate the «u»districts of Egypt «/u», and after finding out that there were 12 (historically, there were actually 20 in «u»Lower Egypt «/u» and 22 in «u»Upper Egypt «/u»), he decided to destroy three himself, and have his brothers destroy one of the remaining districts each; the threat of destroying Egypt was, according to these sources, what really motivated Joseph to reveal himself to his brothers.
    Person ID I5511  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Jacob (Isreal) Ben Abraham, King of Goshen,   b. Abt 1892 B.C., Haran Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1745 B.C., Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Leah (Lia) bint Laban,   b. Paddan Aram Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Canaan Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1799  Group Sheet

    Family Tamar,   d. Yes, date unknown 
     1. Zerah,   b. 1738 B.C., Hebron, Canaan, Palestine Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1638 B.C., Rameses, Goshen, Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location
     2. Pharez (Phares) the Israelite,   b. Abt 1738 B.C.,   d. Abt 1638 B.C.
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F1753  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Tomb attributed to Judah in Yehud, Israel

  • Sources 
    1. [S421] Laurence Gardner, Bloodline of the Holy Grail.

    2. [S401] Albert F. Schmuhl The Royal Line.

    3. [S399] Stevens, Luke, Line of Adam.

    4. [S422] The Holy Bible, (Genesis, King James Version., 1611)., (Genesis, King James Version., 1611).

    5. [S424]