Cook Family
Genealogy Pages

Home Page  |  What's New  |  Photos  |  Histories  |  Headstones  |  Reports  |  Surnames

First Name:

Last Name:

Robert de Bruce, 1st Lord of Annandale

Male - 1142

Personal Information    |    PDF

  • Name Robert de Bruce 
    Suffix 1st Lord of Annandale 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1142 

      «b»Robert I de Brus«/b» (died 1142) was an early 12th century «u»Norman «/u» baron and knight, the first of the «u»Bruce dynasty «/u» of Scotland. A monastic patron, he is remembered as the founder of «u»Gisborough Priory «/u» in «u»Yorkshire «/u» in 1119.«u»[1]
      «/b»Nothing is known of Robert's father, except that he was a landowner in Normandy.«u»[2]«/u» An early modern historiographical tradition that he was the son of a Norman noble named Robert de Brus who came to England with «u»William the Conqueror «/u» has been found to be without basis.«u»[2]«/u»
      Modern historians contend that Robert may have come from «u»Brix, Manche «/u», near «u»Cherbourg «/u» in the «u»Cotentin Peninsula «/u», and came to «u»Britain «/u» after King «u»Henry I of England «/u»'s conquest of Normandy (i.e: at the same time as «u»Alan fitzFlaad «/u», ancestor of the Stewart Royal Family). David fitz Malcolm (after 1124 King «u»David I of Scotland «/u»), was present in France with King Henry and was granted much of the Cotentin Peninsula. It is suggested that Robert de Brus's presences and absences at Henry's court coincide with David's.

      «/b»Whatever his immediate ancestry, what is known beyond doubt is that he went to Scotland, where the new King, «u»David «/u», made Robert «u»Lord of Annandale «/u» in 1124,«u»[3]«/u». although there is scant evidence that this Robert took up residence on his Scottish estates.

      «b»Battle of The Standard
      «/b»After the death of King Henry, David turned against Henry's successor, King «u»Stephen «/u». As a result Robert de Brus and King David parted company, with Robert bitterly renouncing his homage to David before taking the English side at the «u»Battle of the Standard «/u».«u»[4]«/u»

      «/b»Robert is said to have married twice: (1) Agnes, daughter of Geoffrey Bainard, «u»sheriff «/u» of «u»York «/u» and (2) Agnes, daughter and heiress of Fulk de Pagnall, Lord of Carleton, Yorkshire«u»[5][6]«/u»
      There were two sons, but it is unclear by which spouse:
      «tab»«u»Robert de Brus, 2nd Lord of Annandale «/u», who inherited the Lordship of «u»Annandale «/u»
      «tab»Adam de Brus, whose descendants continued to hold lands in England as Lords of «u»Skelton «/u». When Peter de Brus III, last Bruce Lord of Skelton, died in 1272, his sisters were co-heiresses. One of them, Laderia, carried Carleton to her marriage with John de Bellew, whose daughter, Sybil married Sir Miles de Stapleton (k. 1314, at the «u»Battle of Bannockburn «/u»), whose family were subsequently designated "of Carleton".«u»[7][8]«/u» This appears to confirm the de Brus and de Pagnall of Carleton connection. Sir Miles Stapleton's son and heir, Sir Gilbert (d. 1321) married Agnes, daughter of «u»Bryan FitzAlan, Lord FitzAlan «/u»,«u»[9]«/u» and a granddaughter of «u»Devorguilla of Galloway «/u» (d. 1290) wife of John de Balliol, Lord of «u»Barnard Castle «/u», whose son was King «u»John of Scotland «/u».«u»[10]«/u»

      «u»^«/u»«/b» Sherlock, Stephen. "«u»Gisborough Priory: Information for Teachers <>«/u»" English Heritage. 2001. 1 Oct 2008.
      ^ «u»«sup»«b»«i»a«/u»«/sup»«/b»«/i» «u»«sup»«b»«i»b«/u»«/sup»«/b»«/i» Duncan, «u»ODNB «/u»
      «u»«b»^«/u»«/b» «u»Donaldson, Gordon «/u», «i»Scottish Historical Documents«/i», Edinburgh, 1970, ISBN 7011-1604-8 :19, "David by the grace of God King of Scots, to all his barons, men, and friends, French and English, greeting. Know ye that I have given and granted to Robert de Brus Estrahanent (i.e: Annandale) and all the land from the boundary of Randolph Meschin; and I will and grant that he should hold and have that land and its castle well and honourably with all its customs," &c. This is a new charter and not a reconfirmation.
      «u»«b»^«/u»«/b» «u»Burton, John Hill «/u», «i»The History of Scotland«/i», New revised edition, Edinburgh, 1876, vol.1, p.437
      «u»«b»^«/u»«/b» «u»«i»Dictionary of National Biography «/u»«/i», Oxford, 1904 (online version available Duncan, ODNB
      «u»«b»^«/u»«/b» Burke (1883) p.80
      «u»«b»^«/u»«/b» Burke (1883) p.504
      «u»«b»^«/u»«/b» Foster, Joseph, «i»The Dictionary of Heraldry - Feudal Coats of Arms and Pedigrees«/i», London, 1989 (reprint of 1902 original), p.180-1
      «u»«b»^«/u»«/b» Richardson, Douglas, «i»Plantagenet Ancestry«/i», Baltimore, Md., 2004, p.682, «u»ISBN 0-8063-1750-7 «/u»
      «u»«b»^«/u»«/b» Norcliffe, Charles Best, of Langton, MA., editor, «i»The Visitation of Yorkshire in the years 1563-64«/i» by William Flower, Esq., «u»Norroy King of Arms «/u», London, 1881, p.295.

      «b» References
      «tab»«u»«/b»Duncan, A.A.M. «/u», «u»'de Brus, Robert (I), Lord of Annandale (d. 1142)' <>«/u», «u»«i»Oxford Dictionary of National Biography «/u»«/i», «u»Oxford University Press «/u», 2004, «u»doi «/u»:«u»10.1093/ref:odnb/3748 <>«/u». Retrieved 28 October 2008.
      «u»«tab»Oram, Richard «/u», «i»David: The King Who Made Scotland«/i», (Gloucestershire, 2004)
    Person ID I57397  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 17 Feb 2009 

     1. Robert de Bruce, 2nd Lord of Annandale,   d. 1194
    Last Modified 16 Feb 2009 
    Family ID F551615357  Group Sheet