Cook Family
Genealogy Pages

Home Page  |  What's New  |  Photos  |  Histories  |  Headstones  |  Reports  |  Surnames

First Name:

Last Name:

Yazdgird II, King of Sasanian Empire

Yazdgird II, King of Sasanian Empire

Male - 457

Personal Information    |    Media    |    All    |    PDF

  • Name Yazdgird II  
    Suffix King of Sasanian Empire 
    Gender Male 
    Died 457 
    • «b»«/b»

      Yazdgird II declared war on Rome and concluded peace in the same year (440). He then campaigned successfully against the Hephthalites (443\endash 451). Urged on by his minister, Mihr-Narseh , and the clergy, Yazdgird sought to impose Zoroastrianism on Armenia and Iberia (449). Strong Armenian opposition was crushed at the Battle of Avarair (451). Yazdgrid's last years were spent fighting on the northern borders against the Hephthalites. He died in 457 without a decisive victory. His younger son, Hormizd, seized the throne.


      Yazdagird II (438-457) started out by persecuting Jews and Christians, until another speedy Roman victory (441) reminded him of his treaty obligations. His worst problem came from the east, where the White Huns swept away the last of the Kushans (440-460). During their two centuries of decline, the Kushans had become thoroughly Persianized; with their elimination Persia lost a shield rather than an enemy. The Asiatic newcomers proved to be extremely aggressive, and Yazdagird spent most of his reign keeping them out of his eastern provinces.


      «/u»Yazdegerd II«/b», ("made by God," «i»Izdegerdes«/i»), fifteenth «u»Sassanid «/u» King of «u»Persia «/u», was the son of «u»Bahram V «/u» (421\endash 438) and reigned from 438 to 457.
      In the beginning of his reign, Yazdegerd quickly attacked the «u»Eastern Roman Empire «/u» with a mixed army of various nations, including his «u»Indian «/u» allies, to eliminate the threat of a Roman build-up. The Romans had been constructing fortifications in the nearby Persian territory of «u»Carrhae «/u», in anticipation of subsequent expeditions. The Roman Emperor, «u»Theodosius II «/u»(408\endash 450), asked for peace and sent his commander personally to Yazdegerd's camp. In the ensuing negotiations in 441, both empires promised not to build any new fortifications in their border territories. Yazdegerd, gathered his forces in «u»Neishabur «/u» in 443 and launched a prolonged campaign against the «u»Kidarites «/u». After numerous battles, he crushed them and drove them out beyond the «u»Oxus «/u» river in 450.
      During his eastern campaign, Yazdegerd grew suspicious of «u»Christians «/u» in the army and the nobility and expelled many of them. He then persecuted the «u»Assyrians Christians «/u» and, to a much lesser extent, «u»Jews «/u». Advancing his pro-«u»Zoroastrian «/u» policy, he battled an uprising of «u»Armenian «/u» Christians in the «u»Battle of Vartanantz «/u» in 451.
      In his later years, Yazdegerd became engaged again with the Kidarites until his death in AD 457. He pursued strict religious policies and persecuted various «u»minorities «/u».
    Person ID I60527  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Bahram V, King of Sasanian Empire,   d. 439 
    Family ID F551616969  Group Sheet

    Family Dinak,   d. Yes, date unknown 
     1. Peroz I, King of Sasanian Empire,   d. 484
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F551616968  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Yazdgird II King of Sasanian Empire
    Yazdgird II King of Sasanian Empire
    Yazdegerd II.
    Yazdegerd II.
    A coin of Yazdegerd II.