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Manasseh, tribal patriarch

Male - Yes, date unknown

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  • Name Manasseh  
    Suffix tribal patriarch 
    Gender Male 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    • «b»

      Manasseh«/b» or «b»Menashshe«/b» («u»Hebrew «/u»: , «u»Modern «/u» «i»M«/i» «u»Tiberian «/u» «i»M«/i» «u»Samaritan «/u» «i»Mana«/i») was, according to the «u»Book of Genesis «/u», the first son of «u»Joseph «/u»and «u»Asenath «/u», and the founder of the «u»Israelite Tribe «/u» of «u»Manasseh «/u»; however some «u»Biblical scholars «/u» view this as postdiction, an «u»eponymous «/u» «u»metaphor «/u» providing an «u»aetiology «/u» of the connectedness of the tribe to others in the Israelite confederation. The text of the «u»Torah«/u» argues that the name of «i»Manasseh«/i» is «u»etymologically «/u» derived from the «u»root «/u» «i» na«/i», which means «i»to forget«/i», and goes on to argue that it refers to Joseph forgetting his «i»troubles«/i» and his father's household, on account of the actions of «u»God «/u». Other scholars maintain that the name is of Egyptian rather than Hebrew origin.
      In the Biblical account, Joseph's other son is «u»Ephraim «/u», and Joseph himself is one of the two children of «u»Rachel «/u» and «u»Jacob «/u», the other being «u»Benjamin «/u». Biblical scholars regard it as obvious, from their geographic overlap and their treatment in older passages, that originally Manasseh and Ephraim were considered one tribe - that of «i»Joseph«/i» ; according to several biblical scholars, Benjamin was also originally part of this single tribe, but the biblical account of Joseph as his father became lost. A number of biblical scholars suspect that the distinction of the «i»Joseph tribes«/i» (including Benjamin) is that they were the only Israelites which went to «u»Egypt «/u» «u»and returned «/u», while the main Israelite tribes simply emerged as a subculture from the «u»Canaanites «/u» and had remained in «u»Canaan «/u»throughout. According to this view, the story of Jacob's visit to «u»Laban«/u» to obtain a wife originated as a «u»metaphor «/u» for this migration, with the property and family which were gained from Laban representing the gains of the Joseph tribes by the time they returned from Egypt; according to textual scholars, the «u»Jahwist «/u» version of the Laban narrative only mentions the Joseph tribes, and Rachel, and doesn't mention the other tribal «u»matriarchs «/u» whatsoever.
      In the Torah, the eventual precedence of the tribe of Ephraim is argued to derive from Joseph tricking Jacob, blind and on his deathbed, into blessing Ephraim before Manessah. The text describing this blessing features a «u»hapax legomenon «/u» - the word («i»sh-k-l«/i») - which «u»classical rabbinical literature «/u» has interpreted in esoteric manners; some rabbinical sources connect the term with «i»sekel«/i», meaning «i»mind«/i»/«i»wisdom«/i», and view it as indicating that Jacob was entirely aware of who he was actually blessing; other rabbinical sources connect the term with «i»shikkel«/i», viewing it as signifying that Jacob was «i»despoiling«/i» Manasseh in favour of Ephraim; yet other rabbinical sources argue that it refers to the power of Jacob to «i»instruct«/i» and guide the «u»holy spirit «/u»
      The «u»Book of Chronicles «/u» states that Manasseh was married to an Aramean «u»concubine «/u», and that they had two sons, named «u»«i»Asriel «/u»«/i» and «u»Machir «/u»; in the Torah's genealogy of Manasseh's family, which textual scholars ascribe to the earlier «u»priestly source «/u», «i»Asriel«/i» instead appears to be the son of «u»Gilead «/u», the son of Machir. Near the end of the «u»book of Genesis «/u», according to some «u»English translations of the Bible «/u» (such as the «u»King James Version «/u»), Manasseh's grandchildren are described as having been «i»brought up upon Joseph's knees«/i», while other English translations (such as the «u»Revised Version «/u») render the same text as «i»born upon Joseph's knees«/i»; the «u»gloss «/u» for this passage given by some English translations (such as the «u»New International Version «/u») is that the grandchildren were adopted by Joseph as his own children, at the moment they were born. The «u»Targum Pseudo-Jonathan «/u» argues that Manasseh had been a steward in Joseph's household, and had acted as an «u»interpreter «/u» between Joseph and his other brothers; this targum also mentions that Manasseh had unusually large strength.
    Person ID I61478  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 2 Dec 2009 

    Father Joseph,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Mother Asenath,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F551617659  Group Sheet