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  • Name Simeon  
    Gender Male 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    • «b»

      Simeon«/b» («u»Hebrew «/u»: , «i»Shim'on«/i») was, according to the «u»Book of Genesis «/u», the second son of «u»Jacob «/u» and «u»Leah «/u», and the founder of the «u»Israelite Tribe «/u» of «u»Simeon «/u»; however some «u»Biblical scholars «/u» view this as postdiction, an «u»eponymous «/u» «u»metaphor «/u» providing an «u»etiology «/u» of the connectedness of the tribe to others in the Israelite confederation. With Leah as a «u»matriarch «/u», Biblical scholars regard the tribe as having been believed by the text's authors to have been part of the original Israelite confederation, however, the tribe is absent from the parts of the bible which «u»textual scholars «/u» regard as the oldest (for example, the ancient «u»Song of Deborah «/u»), and some scholars think that Simeon was not originally regarded as a distinct tribe
      «b»Simeon in Shechem
      «/b»In the Torah's account of the «u»rape of Dinah «/u», wherein Dinah was raped (or in some versions, merely seduced) by a Canaanite named Shechem, Simeon is one of those who took violent revenge against the inhabitants of the city by tricking them into circumcising themselves and then «u»killing them «/u» when they are weakened; in the account, Jacob heavily castigates Simeon for this, and, in «u»his blessing «/u» condemns his descendants to become «i»divided and scattered«/i». Some Biblical scholars regard the account of the rape of Dinah as an aetiological myth, created by the «u»Jahwist «/u», to justify the presence of a sanctuary at Shechem; in comparison to the «u»Elohist «/u»'s justification of the Shechem sanctuary, where the land is simply purchased by Jacob, and dedicated to «i»El Elohe Israel«/i» (meaning «u»«i»El «/u» is the God of Israel«/i», «i»mighty is the God of Israel«/i», or «i»God, the God of Israel«/i»), the Jahwist's account is viewed as a veiled slight against the sanctuary. Simeon's vengeance, and punishment in the blessing, are viewed by biblical scholars as aetiological postdictions which were designed to explain why, in the time of the author of the blessing (900-700BC), the tribe of Simeon was dwindling out of existence. The «u»midrashic book of Jasher «/u», argues that it was Simeon who deceived «u»Hamor «/u» by insisting that the men of Shechem would need to be «u»circumcised «/u»; it goes on to argue that Simeon was extremely strong, despite only being 13 years old, and was able to slaughter all the men of Shechem nearly single-handedly, only having assistance from his brother «u»Levi «/u», and captured 85 young women, marrying the one named «i»Bonah«/i».
      «b»Relation with Joseph
      «/b»The classical rabbinical sources argue that Simeon was very fearless, but also was particularly envious, and so had always been antagonistic and spiteful towards «u»Joseph «/u», owing to Joseph being Jacob's favourite son. The «u»midrashic book of Jasher «/u» argues that Simeon was the one who proposed that the brothers should kill Joseph, and other classical sources argue that it was Simeon who threw Joseph into a pit, and became furious when he found out that «u»Judah «/u» had sold Joseph rather than killed him; according to the classical sources, Simeon suffered divine punishment for this inhumanity, with his right hand withered, but this caused Simeon to repent, and so his hand was restored a week later.
      In the biblical Joseph narrative, when Joseph, having settled in «u»Egypt «/u», asks his brothers to bring «u»Benjamin «/u» to him, he takes Simeon «u»hostage «/u» to ensure that they return. According to classical rabbinical sources, Joseph chose Simeon to be the hostage because he was concerned that if Simeon wasn't separated from Levi, then Levi and Simeon might destroy Egypt together, since they had already destroyed Shechem. Another theory was that Joseph singled out Simeon due to his taking a prominent role in Joseph's betrayal. According to the midrashic book of Jasher, Simeon wasn't willing to become a hostage, so Joseph sent 70 strong Egyptians to take Simeon by force, but Simeon had a very powerful voice, and so was able to scare off the Egyptians simply by shouting; the text states that Simeon was eventually subdued by «u»Manasseh«/u», and imprisoned. The «u»Testament of Simeon «/u», on the other hand, declares that Simeon acknowledged that it was just for him to be imprisoned, given his earlier mistreatment of Joseph, and so he went willingly.
      According to the «u»Book of Jubilees «/u», Simeon was born on the 21st of «u»Tevet «/u», and according to the «u»book of Genesis «/u» he had six sons. Although some classical rabbinical sources argue that the mother of the children, and his wife, was «i»Bonah«/i», one of the women from Shechem, other classical rabbinical sources argue that Simeon's wife (and the mother of the children) was «u»Dinah «/u», «u»his sister «/u», who had insisted on the marriage before she would be willing to leave Shechem's home (Shechem was her rapist/lover). Many of the rabbinical sources argue that Simeon died at the age of 120, roughly three years before the death of his brother «u»Reuben «/u», though «u»Numbers Rabbah «/u» states that Simeon became the senior of the brothers «i»after«/i» Reuben had died.
      «b» Children
    Person ID I61486  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 3 Dec 2009 

    Father Jacob (Isreal) Ben Abraham, King of Goshen,   b. Abt 1892 B.C., Haran Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1745 B.C., Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Leah (Lia) bint Laban,   b. Paddan Aram Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Canaan Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1799  Group Sheet

     1. Jemuel,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Jamun,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Ohad,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Jachin,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Zohar,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Shaul,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 3 Dec 2009 
    Family ID F551617662  Group Sheet

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