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  • Name Issachar  
    Gender Male 
    Died Yes, date unknown 

      «b»Issachar«/b»/«b»Yissachar«/b» («u»Hebrew «/u»: , «u»Modern «/u» «i»Yissa«/i» «u»Tiberian «/u» «i»Yi«/i» ; "Reward; recompense") was, according to the «u»Book of Genesis «/u», a son of «u»Jacob «/u» and «u»Leah «/u» (the fifth son of Leah, and ninth son of Jacob), and the founder of the «u»Israelite Tribe «/u» of «u»Issachar «/u»; however some «u»Biblical scholars «/u» view this as postdiction, an «u»eponymous «/u» «u»metaphor «/u» providing an «u»aetiology «/u» of the connectedness of the tribe to others in the Israelite confederation. The text of the «u»Torah «/u» gives two different «u»etymologies «/u» for the name of «i»Issachar«/i», which «u»textual scholars «/u» attribute to different sources - one to the «u»Yahwist «/u» and the other to the «u»Elohist «/u»; the first being that it derives from «i»ish sakar«/i», meaning «i»man of hire«/i», in reference to Leah's hire of Jacob's «u»sexual favours «/u» for the price of some «u»mandrakes «/u»; the second being that it derives from «i»yesh sakar«/i», meaning «i»there is a reward«/i», in reference to Leah's opinion that the birth of Issachar was a divine reward for giving her handmaid «u»Zilpah «/u» to Jacob as a concubine. Scholars suspect the former explanation to be the more likely name for a tribe, though some scholars have proposed a third etymology - that it derives from «i»ish Sokar«/i», meaning «i»man of Sokar«/i», in reference to the tribe originally worshipping «u»Sokar «/u», an Egyptian deity.
      In the Biblical account, Leah's status as the first wife of Jacob, is regarded by «u»biblical scholars «/u» as indicating that the authors saw the tribe of Issachar as being one of the original Israelite groups; however, this may have been the result of a typographic error, as the names of «i»Issachar«/i» and «u»«i»Naphtali «/u»«/i» appear to have changed places elsewhere in the text, and the birth narrative of Issachar and Naphtali is regarded by «u»textual scholars «/u» as having been spliced together from «u»its sources «/u» in a manner which has highly corrupted the narrative. A number of scholars think that the tribe of Issachar actually originated as the «u»Shekelesh «/u» group of «u»Sea Peoples «/u» - the name «i»Shekelesh«/i» can be decomposed as «i»men of the Shekel«/i» in «u»Hebrew «/u», a meaning synonymous with «i»man of hire«/i» («i»ish sakar«/i»); scholars believe that the memory of such non-Israelite origin would have led to the Torah's authors having given Issachar a «i»handmaiden«/i» as a matriarch.
      In «u»classical rabbinical literature «/u», it is stated that Issachar was born on the fourth of «u»Av «/u», and lived 122 years. According to the «u»midrashic Book of Jasher «/u», Issachar married «i»Aridah«/i», the younger daughter of «u»Jobab «/u», a son of «u»Joktan «/u»; the Torah states that Issachar had four sons, who were born in Canaan and migrated with him to «u»Egypt «/u», with their descendants remaining there until «u»the Exodus «/u». The midrashic Book of Jasher portrays Issachar as somewhat cowardly, or at least pragmatic, with him taking a feeble part in military campaigns involving his brothers, and generally residing in strongly fortified cities, opening the gates whenever challenged.
      The «u»Talmud «/u» argues that Issachar's description in the «u»Blessing of Jacob «/u» - «i»Issachar is a strong «u»ass «/u» lying down between the sheepfolds: and he saw that settled life was good, and the land was pleasant; he put his shoulder to the burden, and became a slave under forced labour«/i» - is a reference to the religious scholarship of the tribe of Issachar, though scholars feel that it may more simply be a literal interpretation of Issachar's name, and the justification for the tribe of Issachar being a tributary to the «u»Canaanites «/u».
    Person ID I61498  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 3 Dec 2009 

    Father Jacob (Isreal) Ben Abraham, King of Goshen,   b. Abt 1892 B.C., Haran Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1745 B.C., Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Leah (Lia) bint Laban,   b. Paddan Aram Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Canaan Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F1799  Group Sheet

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