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  • Name Naphtali  
    Gender Male 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    • «b»

      Naphtali«/b» (pronounced «u»/'næft??la?/ «/u») («u»Hebrew «/u»: , «u»Modern «/u» «i»Naftali«/i» «u»Tiberian «/u» «i»Nap«/i» ; "My struggle") was, according to the «u»Book of Genesis «/u» in the «u»Hebrew Bible «/u», the second son of «u»Jacob «/u» and «u»Bilhah «/u», and the founder of the «u»Israelite «/u» «u»Tribe of Naphtali «/u»; however some «u»Biblical scholars «/u» view this as postdiction, an «u»eponymous «/u» «u»metaphor «/u» providing an «u»aetiology «/u» of the connectedness of the tribe to others in the Israelite confederation. The text of the «u»Torah «/u» argues that the name of «i»Naphtali«/i» refers to the struggle between «u»Rachel «/u» and «u»Leah «/u» for the favours of Jacob; Bilhah was the «i»handmaid«/i» of Rachel, who had thought herself to be «u»infertile «/u», and had persuaded Jacob to have a child with Bilhah as a proxy for having one with herself.
      In the Biblical account, Bilhah's status as a «i»handmaid«/i», rather than an actual wife of Jacob, is regarded by «u»biblical scholars «/u» as indicating that the authors saw the tribe of Naphtali as being not of entirely Israelite origin; this may have been the result of a typographic error, as the names of «i»Naphtali«/i» and «u»«i»Issachar «/u»«/i»appear to have changed places elsewhere in the text, and the birth narrative of Naphtali and Issachar is regarded by «u»textual scholars «/u» as having been spliced together from «u»its sources «/u» in a manner which has highly corrupted the narrative.
      According to the «u»Targum Pseudo-Jonathan «/u», Naphtali was a swift runner, though this appears to have been inferred from the «u»Blessing of Jacob «/u», which equates Naphtali to a «u»hind «/u». However, Biblical scholars believe this to actually be a description of the tribe of Naphtali, particularly since textual scholars regard the Blessing of Jacob as having been written long after the tribe settled permanently in Canaan. The Torah states that Naphtali had four sons, who migrated with him to «u»Egypt «/u», with their descendants remaining there until «u»the Exodus «/u».
      According to the «u»apocryphal «/u» «u»«i»Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs «/u»«/i», he died aged 137 and was buried in Egypt.
    Person ID I61507  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 3 Dec 2009 

    Father Jacob (Isreal) Ben Abraham, King of Goshen,   b. Abt 1892 B.C., Haran Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Abt 1745 B.C., Egypt Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Mother Bilhah, the Handmaid,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F551617665  Group Sheet

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