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  • Name Ankhnesneferibre  
    Gender Female 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    • «b»

      Ankhnesneferibre«/b» held the office of «u»Divine Adoratrice of Amun «/u» (or God's Wife of Amun) from around «u»586 «/u» to «u»525 BC «/u». During the same time, she also held the office of «u»«i»God's Wife of Amun «/u»«/i», which was the highest office in the «u»priesthood «/u» of the temple of Amun in «u»Thebes «/u». The holder of that office, instituted circa «u»2160 BC «/u» when Thebes rose to prominence as Egypt's capital city, exercised a powerful influence upon the «u»pharaoh «/u», advising, interpreting the «u»oracles «/u» of the deities, and determining the actions of the state together with, or for, the pharaoh. The title was intended to be passed along the line of the royal women, who carried the royal lineage, the kingship being passed down through the female line in what is referred to as «u»matrilineality «/u». Usually it was the royal daughter of the pharaoh who was chosen to rule, but sometimes the office holder was the royal mother or the royal wife.

      The title, «i»Divine Adoratrice of Amun«/i», conveyed even more political authority than the earlier office especially during the Late Libyan period through to the Kushite Dynasty 25 and saite Dynasty 26 period. Ankhnesneferibre was the daughter of «u»Psamtik II «/u» who was dispatched to Thebes and adopted by her predecessor in this office, «u»Nitocris I «/u» as a stela from Karnak records.«u»[1]«/u» Eight years later, in Year 4 of her brother «u»Apries «/u»'s reign (c.586 BC), she formally assumed the office of Divine Adoratrice of Amun herself when Nitocris I died.«u»[2]«/u» Henceforth, she would govern «u»Thebes «/u» for a period of 60 years until the «u»Persian «/u» conquest of Egypt in 525 BC.«u»[2]«/u» After the Persians captured Egypt, the office of the Divine Adoratrice of Amun was abolished and Ankhnesneferibre disappears from history. She is depicted in a number of statues and her black basalt sarcophagus was subsequently reused in Deir el-Medina during the Ptolemaic period by a man named Pymentu.«u»[3]«/u» Her sarcophagus is today located in the British museum.«u»[2]«/u»
      Ankhnesneferibre's tomb can be found in the complex of «u»Medinet Habu «/u».


      «u»1. ^«/u»«/b» Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson (2004), p.246
      «b»2«/b». ^ «u»«sup»«b»«i»a«/u»«/sup»«/b»«/i» «u»«sup»«b»«i»b«/u»«/sup»«/b»«/i» «u»«sup»«b»«i»c«/u»«/sup»«/b»«/i» Dodson & Hilton, p.246
      «u»«b»3,^«/u»«/b» Dodson & Hilton, pp.245-46
    Person ID I61612  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 12 Dec 2009 

    Father Psamtek II (Neferibre) of Egypt, King of Egypt,   b. Abt 625 B.C.,   d. Abt 589 B.C. 
    Mother Takhuat of Athribis,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F551617320  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Statue of the God's Wife of Amun Ankhenesneferibre, now in the Nubian Museum, Aswan. CG-42205
    Detail from the sarcophagus of Ankhnesneferibre now in the British Museum