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Ahmose-Nefertari

Ahmose-Nefertari

Female - Yes, date unknown

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  • Name Ahmose-Nefertari  
    Gender Female 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    Notes 
    • «b»http://fabpedigree.com/s039/f001098.htm


      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmose-Nefertari


      Ahmose-Nefertari«/b» of «u»Ancient Egypt «/u» was the royal sister and the «u»great royal wife «/u» of «u»pharaoh «/u», «u»Ahmose I «/u». Upon the death of Ahmose I, their heir, «u»Kamose «/u», became pharaoh, but was killed in war. Ahmose-Nefertari then became the «u»regent «/u» for another son and ruled until he could attain the age to ascend the throne as «u»Amenhotep I «/u». During her regency she was recognized as a formidable «u»warrior «/u», and at her burial she was given special honors for her accomplishments in war. After her death, she was worshiped as a «u»deity «/u» in the funerary cult of Thebes.
      Her name appears on many monuments, from «u»Saï «/u» to «u»Tura «/u». She is known still to have been alive during the first year of the reign of her grandson, «u»Thutmose I «/u». Thus, she apparently outlived her son, Amenhotep I, who reigned over Egypt for nearly twenty-one years after her regency.

      «b»Founders of the eighteenth dynasty of Egypt

      «/b»For more details on this topic, see «u»Family tree of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Family_tree_of_the_Eighteenth_dynasty_of_Egypt>«/u».

      Some Egyptologists assert that Queen «u»Ahhotep I «/u» was the «u»founder «/u» of the eighteenth dynasty, establishing a «u»matrilineal «/u» succession that would extend through the dynasty and end only with her daughter Queen Ahmose-Nefertari, because, after the death of her husband, «u»Seqenenre Tao II «/u», Ahhotep enabled two of her sons, «u»Kamose «/u» and Ahmose I, to become pharaohs and to unite Egypt following the «u»Hyksos «/u» occupation and that, furthermore, between their reigns Ahhotep ruled the country as regent, maintaining the effort to drive out these foreigners and to restore the native dynasties.

      Queen Ahhotep's husband had initiated the overthrow of the Hyksos and may have died in battle. Her son, Kamose, made battle with them and died in the war as well. She then became regent and a «u»warrior «/u» queen, continuing the battle. When Ahhotep's son, Ahmose I, came of age and ruled as pharaoh, he finally drove the Hyksos out of Egypt. This second son of hers, Ahmose I, became the first king of the eighteenth dynasty, a pharaoh ruling over the reunited country. His wife and sister, Queen Ahmose-Nefertari, had the following royal children, «u»Amenhotep I «/u», «u»Mutnofret «/u», and «u»Ahmose-Meritamon «/u», two of whom would become the next king and queen of Egypt.

      «b»Titles

      «/b»Queen Ahmose-Nefertari held many titles, among them, she held the office of «i»Second Prophet of Amun«/i» at the Karnak temple. Records from a later era indicate that in this position she would have been responsible for all temple properties, administration of estates, workshops, treasuries and all the associated administration staff. Nefertari later exchanged this post with her husband and received in exchange land and staff to set up a college of female temple singers and musicians. These women may have led celibate lives as they were all buried together in the Theban necropolis. At this time, she also became the first «i»living«/i», royal woman known to be entitled, «u»«i»God's Wife of Amun «/u»«/i», a title dating from the «u»Middle Kingdom «/u».«u»[1]«/u» Her mother, «u»Ahhotep I «/u», royal wife of «u»Seqenenre Tao II «/u» and the mother of Ahmose I as well, had held the title of «i»God's Wife of Amun«/i» first; but the title only has been found on her coffin however, and therefore, some «u»Egyptologists «/u» assert that she may not have held the office and exercised its duties. In that case, those scholars speculate that the title may have been given to Ahhotep posthumously.

      The villagers of «u»Deir el-Medina «/u» held Amenhotep I and his mother Queen Ahmose Nefertari in high regard over many generations. When Amenhotep died he became the center of a village funerary cult, worshiped as «i»"Amenhotep of the Town".«/i» When the Queen died she also was deified and became «i»"Mistress of the Sky"«/i» and «i»"Lady of the West«/i»".«u»[2]
      «/u»
      «b»God's Wife of Amun

      «/b»The office of «i»God's Wife of Amun«/i» had existed in earlier dynasties, but previously, the holder of the title was not a woman of the royal line as the cult was not the dominant one in the changing religious traditions of the culture. Once the cult became dominant, and the temple in which the pharaoh officiated, it became a hereditary title and role for the royal women who served as the highest ranking «u»priestess «/u» in the administration of the most powerful temple of the country, passing from one generation to another. The holder of this office, be it wife or daughter, was a close adviser who participated in daily contact with the pharaoh during ceremonies and rites.

      Religion and government were interwoven inexorably in Ancient Egypt. For that reason, some scholars describe the administration of the temple of Amun as the «u»virtual «/u» rulers of the country while «u»Thebes «/u» was the capital of Egypt. Later in this same dynasty, one pharaoh, «u»Akhenaten «/u», moved the capital to another city to escape their influence, adopting the primary solar deity worshiped at the new capital instead of Amun, and establishing his own administrators and policies, but as soon as he died, the priests of Amun regained their control of the government, the location of the capital, and the dominance of their deity.

      «b»References

      «u»1. ^«/u»«/b» "«i»The Great Goddesses of Egypt«/i»", Barbara S. Lesko, p. 246, University of Oklahoma Press, 1999, «u»ISBN 0806132027«/u»
      «u»«b»2. ^«/u»«/b» Tyldesley, Joyce (1996). "«i»Hatchespsut: The Female Pharaoh"«/i», p62, Viking, «u»ISBN 0-670-85976-1 «/u».
    Person ID I61715  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 18 Dec 2009 

    Father Kamose, King of THEBES,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Mother Ahhotep II,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F551617762  Group Sheet

    Family Ahmose I, 1st PHARAOH of 18th Dynasty,   b. Abt 1555 B.C.,   d. 1525 B.C. 
    Children 
     1. Ahmose-Meritamon,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Amenhotep I, PHARAOH of EGYPT,   d. Abt 1493 B.C.
     3. Ahmose Sapair,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Ahmose-ankh,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 18 Dec 2009 
    Family ID F551617764  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Ahmose-Nefertari
    Ahmose-Nefertari
    Statue of Ahmose-Nefertari (Louvre)
    Ahmose-Nefertari
    Ahmose-Nefertari
    Ahmose-Nefertari
    Ahmose-Nefertari
    Ahmose-Nefertari
    Ahmose-Nefertari