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  • Name Yuya  
    Gender Male 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    • «b»

      «/b»Master of The Horse (Adjutant of the Chariotry); Priest of Akhmin; chancellor; poss. aka Zaphnath-Paaneah


      Yuya«/b» (sometimes «b»Iouiya«/b»), also known as «b»Yaa«/b», «b»Ya«/b», «b»Yiya«/b», «b»Yayi«/b», «b»Yu«/b», «b»Yuyu«/b», «b»Yaya«/b», «b»Yiay«/b», «b»Yia«/b», and «b»Yuy«u»«/b»[1]«/u» was a powerful «u»Egyptian «/u» courtier of the «u»eighteenth dynasty of Ancient Egypt «/u» (circa «u»1390 BC «/u»). He was married to «u»Tjuyu «/u», an Egyptian noblewoman associated with the royal family, who held high offices in governmental and religious hierarchies. Their daughter, «u»Tiye «/u», became the «u»Great Royal Wife «/u» of «u»Amenhotep III «/u».«u»[2]
      They also may have been the parents of «u»Ay «/u»,«u»[3]«/u» an Egyptian courtier active during the reign of pharaoh «u»Akhenaten «/u», who eventually became pharaoh, as «i»Kheperkheprure Ay«/i». There is no conclusive evidence, however, regarding the kinship of Yuya and Ay, although certainly, both men came from «u»Akhmim «/u».«u»[4]«/u» Yuya and Tjuyu also are known to have had a son named «u»Anen «/u», who carried the titles Chancellor of Lower Egypt, Second Prophet of Amun, sm-priest of Heliopolis, and Divine Father.«u»[5]


      «/b»Yuya came from the «u»Upper Egyptian «/u» town of «u»Akhmim «/u», where he probably owned an estate and was a wealthy member of this town's local nobility. His origins remain unclear. As the study of his mummy showed, Yuya had been a man of taller than average stature and the anatomist Grafton Elliot Smith considered that his appearance was not typically Egyptian.

      Taking into account his unusual name and features, some «u»Egyptologists «/u» believe that Yuya was of foreign origin, although this is far from certain. «u»[6]«/u» The name Yuya may be spelled in five different ways as Gaston Maspero noted decades ago in «u»Theodore Davis «/u»'s 1907 book\emdash The Tomb of Iouiya and Touiyou.«u»[7]«/u» These include "iAy", ywiA", yw [reed-leaf with walking feet]A, ywiw" and, in orthography\emdash normally a sign of something foreign--"y[man with hand to mouth]iA".«u»[8]«/u» It was not typical for an Egyptian person to have so many different ways to write his name; this may suggest that Yuya's ancestors had a foreign, although not necessarily Mitannian, origin. In "The Hebrew Pharaohs of Egypt" («u»ISBN 1-59143-022-4 «/u») One solution is that Yuya had some «u»Mitannian «/u» ancestry; this argument is based on the fact that the knowledge of horses and chariotry was introduced into Egypt from Asia and Yuya was the king's "Master of the Horse." It was also suggested Yuya was the brother of queen «u»Mutemwiya «/u», who was the mother of «u»Pharaoh «/u» «u»Amenhotep III «/u» and may have had Mitannian royal origins.«u»[9]«/u» However, this hypothesis can not be substantiated, since nothing is known of Mutemwiya's background. While Yuya lived in Upper Egypt, an area that was predominantly native Egyptian, he could have been an assimiliated descendant of «u»Asiatic «/u» immigrants or slaves who rose to become a member of the local nobility at Akhmin. If he was not a foreigner, however, then Yuya would have been the native Egyptian whose daughter was married to Amenhotep III.


      «/b»Yuya served as a key adviser for Amenhotep III,«u»[3]«/u» and held posts such as "King's Lieutenant" and "Master of the Horse"; his title "Father-of-the-god" possibly referred specifically to his being Amenhotep's father-in-law. In his native town of Akhmin, Yuya was a prophet of «u»Min «/u», the chief god of the area, and served as this deity's "Superintendent of Cattle".«u»[10]
      Yuya and his wife were buried in the «u»Valley of the Kings «/u» at «u»Thebes «/u», where their private «u»KV46 «/u» tomb was discovered in 1905 «u»[11]«/u» by «u»James Quibell «/u», who was working on behalf of Theodore M. Davis'. Although the tomb had been penetrated, the tomb-robbers were perhaps disturbed, and Quibell found most of the funerary goods and the two mummies virtually intact.«u»[10]«/u» As the late Egyptologist Cyril Aldred notes:

      "Though the tomb had been rifled in antiquity, the [tomb's] opulent funerary furniture was largely intact, and there was no doubt as to the identity of the pair, who were found resting among their torn linen wrappings, within their nests of coffins."«u»[12]«/u»


      «u»1. ^«/u»«/b» (Osman p. 113)
      «u»«b»2. ^«/u»«/b» Rice, Michael (1999). «i»Who's Who in Ancient Egypt«/i». Routledge. pp. p.207.
      3. ^ «u»«sup»«b»«i»a«/u»«/sup»«/b»«/i» «u»«sup»«b»«i»b«/u»«/sup»«/b»«/i» Rice, p.222
      «u»«b»4. ^«/u»«/b» Anthony David & Rosalie David, A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt, London: Seaby, 1992. p.167
      «u»«b»5. ^«/u»«/b» Rice, p.20
      «u»«b»6. ^«/u»«/b» David O'Connor & Eric Cline, Amenhotep: Perspectives on his Reign, University of Michigan, 1998, p.5
      «u»«b»7. ^«/u»«/b» O'Connor & Cline, p.5
      «u»«b»8. ^«/u»«/b» Maspero's analysis of Yuya's complex name is given on page xiii-xiv of «i»The Tomb of Iouiya and Touiyou" by Theodore M. Davis, Archibald Constable and Co. Ltd, 1907«/i»
      «u»«b»9. ^«/u»«/b» Anthony David & Rosalie David, «i»A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt«/i», London: Seaby, 1992, p.167 «u»ISBN 1-85264-032-4 «/u»
      «b»10 «/b»^ «u»«sup»«b»«i»a«/u»«/sup»«/b»«/i» «u»«sup»«b»«i»b«/u»«/sup»«/b»«/i» David & David, p.167
      «u»«b»11 ^«/u»«/b» Cyril Aldred: Akhenaten, King of Egypt Thames and Hudson, 1989. p.96 «u»ISBN 0-500-27621-8 «/u»
      «u»«b»12 ^«/u»«/b» Aldred, p.96
    Person ID I61735  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Family Tjuyu,   d. Yes, date unknown 
     1. Tiye,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Ay,   d. Between 1319 and 1323 B.C.
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F551617775  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Mummy mask of Yuya