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Ramses I, PHARAOH of EGYPT

Ramses I, PHARAOH of EGYPT

Male - Yes, date unknown

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  • Name Ramses I  
    Suffix PHARAOH of EGYPT 
    Gender Male 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    Notes 
    • «b»http://fabpedigree.com/s048/f387476.htm


      «/b»1st/2nd King of the 19th Dynasty; aka Userkheperure Setepenre Seti Merenptah Ramessid ?

      «b»http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horemheb«/b»

      Horemheb presumably remained childless and he appointed his vizier Paramesse as his successor, who would assume the throne as «u»Ramesses I

      «/u»«b».http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramesses_I«/b»

      Menpehtyre «b»Ramesses I«/b» (traditional English: «b»Ramesses«/b» or «b»Ramses«/b») was the founding «u»Pharaoh «/u» of «u»Ancient Egypt «/u»'s «u»19th dynasty «/u». The dates for his short reign are not completely known but the time-line of late «u»1292-1290 BC«/u» is frequently cited«u»[3]«/u» as well as «u»1295-1294 BC [4]«/u». While Ramesses I was the founder of the 19th Dynasty, in reality his brief reign marked the transition between the reign of «u»Horemheb «/u» who had stabilised Egypt and the rule of the powerful Pharaohs of this dynasty, in particular «u»Seti I «/u» and «u»Ramesses II «/u», who would bring Egypt up to new heights of imperial power.

      «b»Origins

      «/b»Originally called «b»Pa-ra-mes-su«/b», Ramesses I was of non-royal birth, being born into a noble military family from the «u»Nile delta «/u» region, perhaps near the former «u»Hyksos «/u» capital of «u»Avaris «/u», or from «u»Tanis «/u». He was a son of a troop commander called «u»Seti «/u». He had five sisters and three brothers who were named Pay, Minamon and Hawnefer. His uncle Khaemwaset, an army officer married Tamwadjesy, the matron of the Harem of «u»Amun «/u», who was a relative of Huy, the Viceroy of «u»Kush «/u», an important state post. This shows the high status of Ramesses' family. Ramesses I found favor with «u»Horemheb «/u», the last pharaoh of the tumultuous «u»Eighteenth dynasty «/u», who appointed the former as his «u»Vizier «/u». Ramesses also served as the «u»High Priest «/u» of «u»Amun «/u» \endash as such, he would have played an important role in the restoration of the old religion following the «u»Amarna «/u» «u»heresy «/u» of a generation earlier, under «u»Akhenaten «/u».
      Horemheb himself had been a nobleman from outside the immediate royal family, who rose through the ranks of the Egyptian army to serve as the royal advisor to Tutankhamun and Ay and, ultimately, Pharaoh. Since Horemheb was childless, he ultimately chose Ramesses to be his heir in the final years of his reign presumably because Ramesses I was both an able administrator and had a son (Seti I) and a grandson (the future «u»Ramesses II «/u») to succeed him and thus avoid any succession difficulties.

      Upon his accession, Ramesses assumed a «i»prenomen«/i», or royal name, which is written in «u»Egyptian hieroglyphs «/u» to the right. When transliterated, the name is mn-p which is usually interpreted as «b»Menpehtyre«/b», meaning "Established by the strength of «u»Ra «/u»". However, he is better known by his «i»nomen«/i», or personal name. This is transliterated as r'-ms-sw, and is usually realised as «b»Ramessu«/b» or «b»Ramesses«/b», meaning 'Ra bore him'. Already an old man when he was crowned, Ramesses appointed his son, the later pharaoh «u»Seti I «/u», to serve as the Crown Prince and chosen successor. Seti was charged with undertaking several military operations during this time\endash in particular, an attempt to recoup some of Egypt's lost possessions in «u»Syria «/u». Ramesses appears to have taken charge of domestic matters: most memorably, he completed the second «u»pylon «/u» at «u»Karnak Temple «/u», begun under Horemheb.

      «b»Death
      «/b»
      Ramesses I enjoyed a very brief reign, as evidenced by the general paucity of contemporary monuments mentioning him: the king had little time to build any major buildings in his reign and was hurriedly buried in a small and hastily finished tomb.«u»[5]«/u» The Egyptian priest «u»Manetho «/u» assigns him a reign of 16 months but this pharaoh certainly ruled Egypt for a minimum of 17 months based on his highest known date which is a «b»Year 2 II Peret day 20«/b» (Louvre C57) stela which ordered the provision of new endowments of food and priests for the Temple of «u»Ptah «/u» within the Egyptian fortress of Buhen.«u»[6]«/u» Jürgen von Beckerath observes that Ramesses I died just 5 months later\emdash in June 1290 BC\emdash since his son Seti I succeeded to power on «b»III Shemu day 24«/b».«u»[7]«/u» Ramesses I's only known action was to order the provision of endowments for the aforementioned Nubian temple at Buhen and "the construction of a chapel and a temple (which was to be finished by his son) at Abydos."«u»[8]«/u» The aged Ramesses was buried in the Valley of the Kings. His tomb, discovered by «u»Giovanni Belzoni «/u» in 1817 and designated «u»KV16 «/u», is small in size and gives the impression of having been completed with haste. «u»Joyce Tyldesley «/u» states that Ramesses I's tomb consisted of a single corridor and one unfinished room whose
      " walls, after a hurried coat of plaster, were painted to show the king with his gods, with Osiris allowed a prominent position. The red granite sarcophagus too was painted rather than carved with inscriptions which, due to their hasty preparation, included a number of unfortunate errors."«u»[9]«/u» " Seti I, his son, and successor, later built a small chapel (or temple) with fine reliefs in memory of deceased father Ramesses I at «u»Abydos«/u». In 1911, «u»John Pierpont Morgan «/u» donated several exquisite reliefs from this chapel to the «u»Metropolitan Museum of Art «/u» in New York.«u»[10]
      «/u»
      «b»Rediscovery and repatriation

      «/b»According to current theory, his mummy was stolen by the Abu-Rassul family of grave robbers and brought to North America around 1860 by Dr. «u»James Douglas «/u». It was then placed in the «u»Niagara Museum and Daredevil Hall of Fame«/u» in «u»Ontario «/u», «u»Canada «/u». Ramesses I remained there, his identity unknown, next to other curiosities and so-called freaks of nature for more than 130 years. When the owner of the museum decided to sell his property, Canadian businessman William Jamieson purchased the contents of the museum. In 1999, Jamieson sold the Egyptian artifacts in the collection, including the various mummies, to the «u»Michael C. Carlos Museum «/u» at «u»Emory University «/u» in Atlanta, Georgia for US $2 million. His identity cannot be conclusively determined, but is persuasively deduced from CT scans, X-rays, skull measurements and radio-carbon dating tests by researchers at the University, as well as aesthetic interpretations of family resemblance. Moreover, the mummy's arms were found crossed high across his chest which was a position reserved solely for Egyptian royalty until 600 BC.«u»[11]«/u» His mummy was returned to Egypt on «u»October 24 «/u», «u»2003 «/u» with full official honors and is on display at the Luxor Museum.«u»[12]
      «/u»
      «b»References

      «u»1. ^«/u»«/b» Peter Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1994. p.140
      «u»«b»2. ^«/u»«/b» Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, p.140
      «u»«b»3. ^«/u»«/b» «u»Jürgen von Beckerath «/u» «i»Chronologie des Äegyptischen Pharaonischen«/i» (Mainz: Phillip von Zabern, 1997), p.190
      «u»«b»4. ^«/u»«/b» Rice, Michael (1999). «i»Who's Who in Ancient Egypt«/i». Routledge.
      «u»«b»5. ^«/u»«/b» Joyce Tyldesley, «i»Ramesses: Egypt's Greatest Pharaoh«/i» (New York: Penguin Books, 2000), pp.37-38
      «u»«b»6. ^«/u»«/b» Peter J. Brand, «i»The Monuments of Seti I: Epigraphic, Historical and Art Historical Analysis«/i» (Leiden: Brill, 2000), pp.289, 300 and 311.
      «u»«b»7. ^«/u»«/b» von Beckerath, 'Chronologie«i», p.190«/i»
      «u»«b»8. ^«/u»«/b» Nicolas Grimal, «i»A History of Ancient Egypt«/i» (Oxford: Blackwell Books, 1992), p. 245
      «u»«b»9. ^«/u»«/b» Tyldesley, «i»Ramesses«/i», p.38
      «u»«b»10 ^«/u»«/b» «u»The Temple of Ramesses I at Abydos <http://www.jstor.org/pss/594071>«/u» by H.E. Winlock
      «u»«b»11 ^«/u»«/b» "«u»U.S. Museum to Return Ramses I Mummy to Egypt. <http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/04/0430_030430_royalmummy.html>«/u»". «u»National Geographic «/u». «u»April 30 «/u», «u»2003 «/u». «u»<http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/04/0430_030430_royalmummy.html>«/u». Retrieved 2008-04-13. "A 3,000-year-old mummy that many scholars believe is ancient Egypt's King Ramses I is the star attraction of an exhibit at the Michael C. Carlos Museum in Atlanta that will run from April 26 to September 14."
      «u»«b»12 ^«/u»«/b» "«u»Egypt's 'Ramses' mummy returned <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3215747.stm>«/u»". «u»BBC «/u». «u»26 October «/u» «u»2003 «/u». «u»<http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3215747.stm>«/u». Retrieved 2008-04-13. "An ancient Egyptian mummy thought to be that of Pharaoh Ramses I has returned home after more than 140 years in North American museums."
    Person ID I61744  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Seti, commander,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F551617782  Group Sheet

    Family Sitre, Queen,   bur. Valley of the Queens (QV38). Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Seti I,   b. Abt 1323 B.C.,   d. 1279 B.C.
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F551617780  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Ramesses I
    Ramesses I
    Stone head carving of Paramessu (Ramesses I), originally part of a statue depicting him as a scribe. On display at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
    Abydos_chapel_reliefs_of_Ramesses_I_by_John_Campana
    Abydos_chapel_reliefs_of_Ramesses_I_by_John_Campana
    Reliefs from the Abydos chapel of Ramesses I. The chapel was specifically built and dedicated by Seti I in memory of his late father.