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Frederick I, Elector of Saxony

Frederick I, Elector of Saxony

Male 1370 - 1428  (57 years)

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  • Name Frederick I  
    Suffix Elector of Saxony 
    Born 11 Apr 1370  Dresden, Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Reigned From 6 Jan 1423 to 4 Jan 1428 
    Electorate of Saxony 
    Reigned From 30 Mar 1425 to 4 Jan 1428 
    Margrave of Meissen 
    Died 4 Jan 1428 
    • «b»,_Elector_of_Saxony

      Frederick IV, Margrave of Meissen and Elector of Saxony«/b» (Frederick the Belligerent (the Warlike)) (11 April 1370 \endash 4 January 1428) was «u»Margrave of Meissen «/u» and «u»Elector of Saxony «/u» from 1381 until his death. He is not to be confused with his cousin «u»Frederick IV, Landgrave of Thuringia «/u», the son of «u»Balthasar, Landgrave of Thuringia «/u». Frederick the Warlike was never «u»Landgrave of Thuringia «/u».


      «/b»He was the eldest son of «u»Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia «/u» and «u»Katharina von Henneberg «/u». After the death of his uncle «u»William II, Margrave of Meissen «/u» in 1407, he governed the Margraviate of Meissen together with his brother «u»William III «/u» as well as with his cousin «u»Frederick IV «/u» (son of «u»Balthasar «/u»). After secession in 1410 and 1415 he received the Mark Meissen to autocracy.

      In the «u»German town war «/u» of 1388 he assisted «u»Frederick V of Hohenzollern «/u», burgrave of «u»Nuremberg «/u», and in 1391 did the same for the «u»Teutonic Order «/u» against «u»Wladislaus II of Poland «/u». He supported «u»Rupert III, Elector Palatine of the Rhine «/u», in his struggle with King «u»Wenceslaus «/u» for the German throne, probably because Wenceslaus refused to fulfil a promise to give him his sister «u»Anna «/u» in marriage.

      The danger to Germany from the «u»Hussites «/u» induced Frederick to ally himself with Emperor «u»Sigismund «/u»; and he took a leading part in the war against them, during the earlier years of which he met with considerable success. In the prosecution of this enterprise Frederick spent large sums of money, for which he received various places in «u»Bohemia «/u» and elsewhere in pledge from Sigismund, who further rewarded him in 6 January 1423 with the vacant «u»electoral «/u» Duchy of «u»Saxony-Wittenberg «/u»; and Fredericks formal investiture followed at «u»Ofen «/u» on the 1 August 1425. Thus ascended Frederick IV, who called himself Frederick I now, to the duke and elector. Thus spurred to renewed efforts against the Hussites, the elector was endeavouring to rouse the German princes to aid him in prosecuting this war when the Saxon army was almost annihilated at «u»Aussig «/u» on the 16 August 1426.

      After the death of his brother William Frederick became ruler over the entire possession of The «u»House of Wettin «/u» except «u»Thuringia «/u».

      Frederick died in 1428 at «u»Altenburg «/u». He was buried as the first «u»Wettin «/u» in the cathedral chapel in Meissen.

      In 1409, in conjunction with his brother William, he founded the «u»University of Leipzig «/u», for the benefit of German students who had just left the «u»University of Prague «/u».


      «/b»Frederick I married 8 February 1402 «u»Catherine of Brunswick «/u», daughter of «u»Henry the Mild, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg «/u» and had 7 children:

      Katharina, died young;

      «u»Friedrich II "der Sanftmütige" «/u» (1412 \endash 1464);

      Sigismund, Bishop of «u»Würzburg «/u», (3 March 1416 \endash 24 December 1471);

      Anna, (5 June 1420 \endash 17 September 1462), married to «u»Louis I, Landgrave of Hesse «/u»;

      Katharina, (1421 \endash 23 August 1476, «u»Berlin «/u»), married to «u»Frederick II, Elector of Brandenburg «/u»;

      Heinrich, (21 May 1422 \endash 22 July 1435);

      «u»Wilhelm "der Tapfere" «/u» (1425 \endash 1482), Landgrave of Thuringia, Duke of Luxemburg;
    Person ID I61979  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 18 Jan 2013 

    Father Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia,   b. 14 Dec 1332, Dresden, Saxony, Germany Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 May 1381  (Age 48 years) 
    Mother Matilde of Bavaria,   b. Aft 21 Jun 1313,   d. 2 Jul 1346  (Age ~ 33 years) 
    Family ID F551617924  Group Sheet

    Family Katharina of Brünswick-Lüneburg,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 8 Feb 1402 
     1. Anna,   b. 5 Jun 1420,   d. 17 Sep 1462  (Age 42 years)
    Last Modified 8 Jan 2010 
    Family ID F551617923  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Frederick I
    Frederick I
    Frederick the Belligerent