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Sancho I Garcés, King of Pamplona

Sancho I Garcés, King of Pamplona[1]

Male Abt 865 - 925  (~ 60 years)

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  • Name Sancho I Garcés 
    Suffix King of Pamplona 
    Born Abt 865 
    Gender Male 
    Died 11 Dec 925  Navarre, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • «b»«/b»


      Sancho married (1) a daughter of Gelindus, Count of Aragon, and (2) Toda of Aragon, daughter of Azuarius{ref.Carr P. Collins, Jr., "Royal Ancestors..."}. He added the county of Aragon to his Basque kingdom of Navarre {-Encycl.Brit., 1956 Ed., 21:117}. Sancho reigned 905-926. "Meyers Konversations-lexikon" (1890) states: "The oldest known inhabitants of Navarre were the Vascones, descendants of the old Iberians. ...The inhabitants of Navarre used the dissension
      within the Franconian Empire to gain their independence and chose Sancho Garcia as their Count, who conquered Pamplona and the area on the Aragon and gave himself the name King of Navarre in 905."


      Sancho I Garcés«/b» (c. 860 \endash December 11 , 925 ) was king of Pamplona from 905 to 925. He was a son of García Jiménez , who was king of "another part of the kingdom" of Pamplona and Dadildis de Pallars , his second wife. In 905, a coalition of enemies of the king, Fortún Garcés : Lubb ibn Muhammed of the Banu Qasi , King Alfonso III of Asturias , Galindo Aznar II of Aragon and Sancho's uncle, Raymond I of Pallars and Ribagorza , deposed the king, and put Sancho on the throne in his place. Throughout his reign, he involved himself in the squabbles among the Muslim lords to the south with repeated success. In 907, he turned on his former ally Lubb ibn Muhammad, killing him in battle. Four years later, another former ally, Galindo Aznar, joined with his brother-in-law Muhammad al-Tawil and Abd Allah ibn Lubb ibn Qasi to attack Sancho, but they were crushed: al-Tawil was killed, the power of the Banu Qasi was severely crippled, and Galindo forced into vassalage to Sancho, leading to the incorporation of the County of Aragon into Pamplona. In 920, he teamed with Bernard I of Ribagorza and Amrus ibn Muhammed , son of Muhammad al-Tawil, to attack Monzón . He joined Ultra-Puertos, or Basse-Navarre (Baja Navarra), to his own dominions, also extending his territory as far as Nájera . As a thanksgiving offering for his victories, he founded, in 924, the convent of Albelda .
      Perhaps to legitimize the succession, Sancho married Toda Aznárez , daughter of Oneca Fortúnez , (who was a daughter of former king Fortún Garcés) and Aznar Sánchez, lord of Larraun . Thus, Sancho and Toda's children were also descendants of the Arista dynasty of Navarrese monarchs, but likewise akin to Abd-ar-Rahman III of Cordoba, a grandson of Oneca by a former husband. When Sancho died in 925, his only son was still quite young. Thus Sancho was succeeded by his brother, Jimeno Garcés , upon whose death Sancho's son García would succeed. The family would be called the Banu Sancho (Arabic : ÔÇäÌå by Al-Andalus chroniclers, in his memory.
      The «i»Codex of Roda «/i» gives Sancho and Toda six children:
      «tab» Oneca (d.931), married Alfonso IV the Monk of León in 926
      «tab»Sancha, married firstly Ordoño II of León , secondly Count Alvaro Herraméliz of Álava , and thirdly Fernán González , Count of Castile
      «tab»Urraca, married Ramiro II of León
      «tab»Velasquita (or Belasquita), married firstly Munio, count of Vizcaya , secondly Galindo, son of Bernard count of Ribagorza , and third, nobleman Fortún Galíndez .
      «tab»García , king of Pamplona, married firstly Andregota Galíndez and secondly Teresa
      Sancho also had an illegitimate daughter:
      «tab» Lupa, mother of Raymond I, Count of Bigorre
    Person ID I6234  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father García Jiménez, Prince of Navarre,   b. Abt 840, Navarre, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 885  (Age ~ 45 years) 
    Mother Oneca Rebelle de Sangüesa,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Abt 860 
    Family ID F3169  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Urraca Anzarez de Aragon,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married Type: Associated with 
    _STAT Associated with 
     1. García I Sánchez,, King of Pamplona,   b. 919,   d. 970  (Age 51 years)
     2. Sancha of Pamplona,   d. Dec 959
     3. Urraca of Pamplona,   d. 23 Jun 956
     4. Oneca of Pamplona,   d. Yes, date unknown
     5. Velasquita Sanchez,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Orbita de Navarre,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F2179  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Toda Aznarez,   b. Abt 885,   d. Aft 970  (Age ~ 86 years) 
    Married Type: Associated with 
    _STAT Associated with 
     1. Lopa of Navarre Sanchez,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F3047  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Sancho I.gif
    Sancho I.gif
    The Kingdom of Pamplona at the death of Sancho I

  • Sources 
    1. [S36] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science, University of Hull, England([email protected]), (This work is Copyright b 1994-2002 Brian C Tompsett).