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Harold II Godwineson, King of England[1]

Male Abt 1022 - 1066  (~ 44 years)


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  • Name Harold II Godwineson 
    Suffix King of England 
    Born Abt 1022 
    Gender Male 
    Acceded 6 Jan 1066  St.Paul's Cathedral, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Died 14 Oct 1066  Battle, Sussex Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Cause: killed in the battle 
    Buried Waltham Abbey, Essex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • The last Anglo-Saxon King of England, reputedly designated heir by the dying
      Edward. After becoming King, he crushed the forces of his brother Tostig and
      Harold III Hardraade of Norway, who claimed the throne, at Stamford Bridge
      (1066). Harold was killed in the battle of Hastings by the army of another
      sucessful claimant to the throne, William the Conqueror.
      Earl of East Anglia 1045, Earl of Wessex 15 Apr 1053, Earl of Hereford 1058.

      http://www.hull.ac.uk/php/cssbct/cgi-bin/gedlkup.php/n=royal?royal01538


      http://www.thepeerage.com/p10218.htm#i102180


      Harold II Godwinson, King of England was born between 1020 and 1022.«sup»3«/sup» He was the son of «u»Godwine, Earl of Wessex«/u» and «u»Gytha (?)«/u».«sup»2«/sup» He and «u»Adeliza de Normandie «/u» were engaged.«sup»4«/sup» He married «u»Ealdgyth (?) «/u», daughter of «u»Ælfgar, Earl of Mercia «/u» and «u»Elfleda (?) «/u», circa 1064 at «u»York, Yorkshire, England «/u».«sup»3«/sup» He died on 14 October 1066 at «u»Hastings, Sussex, England «/u», a blow from a sword wielded by a mounted Norman knight.«sup»5«/sup» He was buried at «u»Waltham Abbey, Essex, England «/u».«sup»5«/sup»
      Harold II Godwinson, King of England and «u»Eadgyth Swanneshals (?) «/u» were associated.«sup»2«/sup» He gained the title of «i»Earl of East Anglia«/i» circa 1045.«sup»3«/sup» He succeeded to the title of «i»Earl of Wessex«/i» on 15 April 1053.«sup»3«/sup» He gained the title of «i»Earl of Hereford«/i» in 1058.«sup»3«/sup» He succeeded to the title of «i»King Harold II of England«/i» on 6 January 1066.«sup»3«/sup» He fought in the Battle of Hastings on 14 October 1066.«sup»3«/sup»
      Harold was the son of Godwin, Earl of Wessex, and the brother-in-law of Edward the Confessor. Before coming to the throne Harold had been captured in France and, under duress, is alleged to have sworn that he would not accept the English crown but would support William of Normandy's claim. When Edward the Confessor died the Wittan (Council) elected Harold to succeed him and he was crowned at Westminster Abbey. In Sept 1066 King Harold Hardrada of Norway and Tostig, Harold of England's half brother, sailed up the Humber and landed at Ricall near York. King Harold marched his army from the South up Ermine Street and decisively defeated the invaders at Stamford Bridge on 25th Sept. Meanwhile, William of Normandy was assembling his forces at the mouth of the Somme and as soon as the wind was favourable he crossed the Channel and landed at Pevensey on the 28th September. Harold force marched south and reached Battle near Hastings on the 13th Oct. The following day, Saturday 14th October 1066, is probably the most memorable in English History. Each army consisted of about 7,000 men but the Normans had the advantage of bow-men and cavalry while the English relied on axe and spear-men. The battle raged fiercely all day and in the evening, William ordered his archers to shoot high so that the arrows would drop vertically. Harold was struck in the right eye and mortally wounded.

      1. Alison Weir, «i»Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy«/i» (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 34. Hereinafter cited as «i»Britain's Royal Family«/i».

      2. E. B. Fryde, D. E. Greenway, S. Porter and I. Roy, editors, «i»Handbook of British Chronology, 3rd edition«/i» (London, U.K.: Royal Historical Society, 1986), page 29. Hereinafter cited as «i»Handbook of British Chronology«/i».

      3. Alison Weir, «i»Britain's Royal Family«/i», page 36.

      4. Alison Weir, «i»Britain's Royal Family«/i», page 44.

      5. Alison Weir, «i»Britain's Royal Family«/i», page 37.


      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harold_II_of_England

      «b»Harold Godwinson«/b» (c. 1022 \endash 14 October 1066) also known as «b»Harold II«/b», was the last «u»Anglo-Saxon «/u» King of «u»England «/u» before the «u»Norman Conquest«/u».«u»[1]«/u» Harold reigned from 5 January 1066, until his death at the «u»Battle of Hastings «/u» on 14 October of that same year, fighting the «u»Norman «/u» invaders, led by «u»William the Conqueror «/u». Harold is one of only two English monarchs to have died in battle (the other being «u»Richard III «/u»).
    Person ID I8218  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Godwin of Wessex, Earl of Wessex and Kent,   b. Abt 987,   d. 15 Apr 1053, Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 66 years) 
    Mother Gytha Thorkelsdóttir,   b. Denmark Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1069, Flanders Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Family ID F3357  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Edith the Fair, Swanneck, Queen consort of England,   b. Abt 1025,   d. Abt 1086  (Age ~ 61 years) 
    Married Type: Associated with 
    _STAT Associated with 
    Children 
     1. Godwine,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Edmund,   d. Yes, date unknown
     3. Magnus,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Gytha of Wessex,   d. 1098 or 1107
     5. Gunhild, Nun at Wilton,   d. Yes, date unknown
     6. Ulf Godwineson,   b. Dec 1066, Chester, Cheshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1087  (Age ~ 21 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F2493  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Ealdgyth (Edith)of Mercia,   b. Abt 1057,   d. Aft 1070  (Age ~ 14 years) 
    Married Abt 1064  York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Harold,   b. Dec 1066, Chester, Cheshire, England, Great Britain Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Aft 1098  (Age ~ 32 years)
    Last Modified 11 Feb 2009 
    Family ID F3356  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S36] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science, University of Hull, England([email protected]), (This work is Copyright b 1994-2002 Brian C Tompsett).