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Edmund Crounchback Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Lancaster

Male 1245 - 1296  (51 years)


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  • Name Edmund Crounchback Plantagenet  [1
    Suffix 1st Earl of Lancaster 
    Born 16 Jan 1245  London, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Gender Male 
    Acceded 26 Oct 1265 
    Name Crounchback 
    Died 5 Jun 1296  Bayonne, Pyr Atlantiques, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Buried 15 Jul 1296  Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Notes 
    • Plantagenet, Edmund Crouchback Leicester, Earl of Leicester
      Acceded: 26 Oct 1265
      http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/PLANTAGENET.htm#Edmund Crounchback PLANTAGEN ET (1ยบ E. Lancaster)
      In 1254, at the age of nine, Pope Innocent VI invested him with the kingdom of Sicily and Apulia. The huge sums of money sought by the Pope and Edmund's father, Henry III, to drive Manfred out of southern Italy made this venture very unpopular with the English barons. The scheme was finally abandoned in 1263. In 1264, England was in a state of civil war. King Henry III and Prince Edward were captured by the forces of Simon De Montfort, Earl of Leicester, who was, for all practical purposes, the ruler of England. Meanwhile, Edmund and his mother, Queen Eleanor were in Paris raising an army. After the Battle of Eversham in1265, where Simon De Montfort was slain and his forces defeated by Prince Edward who had escaped from captivity, Edmund returned to England with his mother. He was one of the magnates who urged Henry III to adopt the sweeping measure of confiscation (against those barons who had supported Montfort) de termined on in the parliament of Winchester, being moved, it was believed, by the desire of enriching himself. He had a large share of the spoils, being created Earl of Leicester and receiving the stewardship of the kingdom. In 1267 he was also created Earl of Lancaster. With his brother, Prince Edward, and several other magnates, Edmund took up the cross in 1268 and was with his brother at Acre in 1271-72. Returning home before Edward, he reached England in Dec 1272, shortly after his father's death, was received with rejoicing by the Londoners, and went to his mother at Windsor. His crusade, during which he is said to have accomplished little or nothing , seems to have gained him the nickname of Crouchback (or crossed back). It is said, however, to have been asserted by John of Gaunt in 1385 that the name implied deformity, that Edmund was really the elder son of Henry III, but had been passed over by his father as unfit to reign, and a desire of spreading this fable appears to have been entertained by Henry of Lancaster (Henry IV), and was perhaps implied in his challenge of the crown. By his marriage, after the death of his childless first wife, Aveline De Fortibus, to Blanche, the granddaughter of King Lou is VIII of France, Edmund became Count of Champagne and Brie. From 1277 to 1296 Edmund was active in the King's service. He commanded the King 's forces in South Wales, acted as Ambassador at the French court, unsuccessfully attempted to organize another crusade on behalf of the King, and, in conjunction with Roger De Mortimer, E. March, defeated and executed Llewelyn in Wales. When war broke out with France in 1294/5, Edmund was again serving as Ambassador there. Remaining loyal to King Edward, he, of course, lost all claim to his French possessions. He led armies in Brittany and Gascony. He died in Bayonne deeply mortified that he was not provided the funds needed to keep his army in the field. He was religoius, gay, and pleasant in disposition, open-handed, and a popularcommande r. CP,vol.VII,pp.378-387,pp.547.
      In 1253 he was invested by the Pope in the Kingdom of Sicily and Apulia, at
      about this time he was also made Earl of Chester. These were of little value
      as the real King of Sicily was still living and the Earldom of Chester was
      transfered to his elder brother Edward. He soon obtained, however, both
      possessions and dignities, for upon the forfeiture of Simon de Montfort by the
      King of the Earldom of Leicester and also the honour of the Stewardship of
      England and the lands of Nicolas de Segrave. CP,vol.VII,pp.378-387,pp.547.
      http://www.hull.ac.uk/php/cssbct/cgi-bin/gedlkup.php/n=royal?royal01285
    Person ID I5314  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Henry III Plantagenet, King of England,   b. 1 Oct 1207, Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Nov 1272, Westminster Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 65 years) 
    Mother Eleanor of Provence Berenger,   b. 1217, Aix-en-Provence, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Jan 1291, Amesbury Abbey, Wiltshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 74 years) 
    Married 14 Jan 1236  Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Alt. Marriage 14 Jan 1236 
    Alt. Marriage 
    • Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England
    Family ID F440  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Aveline de Forz, Countess of Holderness,   b. 20 Jan 1259, Burstwick, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 Nov 1274, Stockwell, Surrey Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 15 years) 
    Married 7 Apr 1269  Westminster Abbey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Last Modified 30 Nov 2006 
    Family ID F5068  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Blanche of Artois,   b. Abt 1247,   d. 2 May 1302, Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 55 years) 
    Married Bef 3 Feb 1276  Paris, France Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. Thomas of Lancaster Plantagenet, Earl of Lancaster,   b. 1276,   d. 22 Mar 1322, Pontefract, Yorkshire Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     2. Henry of Lancaster Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster,   b. 1281,   d. 22 Sep 1345, Leicester, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years)
     3. John of Beaufort, Lord of Beaufort,   b. Bef 1286,   d. Bef 1337, France Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 51 years)
     4. Mary,   d. Young
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F1668  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S36] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science, University of Hull, England([email protected]), (This work is Copyright b 1994-2002 Brian C Tompsett).