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Antiochus II 'Theos', King of Syria

Male Abt 287 B.C. - Abt Aug 246 B.C.

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  • Name Antiochus II 'Theos'  
    Suffix King of Syria 
    Born Abt 287 B.C. 
    Gender Male 
    Died Abt Aug 246 B.C. 

      King of the Seleucid dominions in the Middle East, who succeeded his father, Antiochus I, in 261 BC and spent much of his reign at war with Egypt, recovering much territory in Anatolia.

      Finding a willing ally in Antigonus, ruler of Macedonia, who had suffered at the hands of Ptolemy II of Egypt, Antiochus waged the Second Syrian War (259-255) against Ptolemy to avenge his father's losses. While Antigonus defeated the Egyptian fleet at sea, Antiochus reconquered much of Anatolia, including the cities of Miletus and Ephesus, and also the Phoenician coast.

      In Miletus, Antiochus overthrew a tyrant after he recaptured the city, and the citizens worshiped him as a god in thanksgiving. He later organized an empire-wide cult, as suggested by his epithet, Theos (God). He also established the freedom of the other Ionian cities. Further, he continued his predecessors' policies of encouraging the foundation of cities in his realm.

      For unknown reasons, around 253, Antiochus dismissed his first queen, Laodice, and married Ptolemy's daughter Berenice. At his death in 246, a civil war erupted between the two queens. He was succeeded by his son Seleucus II, while another son, Antiochus Hierax, established himself in western Anatolia.
    Person ID I60656  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Antiochus I Soter, King of Syria,   b. Abt 324 B.C.,   d. Abt 2 Jun 261 B.C. 
    Mother Stratonice,   b. Abt 317 B.C.,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Married 294 B.C. 
    Family ID F551617057  Group Sheet

    Family Laodice I Seleucid,   b. 286 B.C.,   d. Yes, date unknown 
     1. Laodice II,   b. 260 B.C.,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Seleucus II 'Callinicus', King of Syria,   b. Abt 265 B.C.,   d. Abt 226 B.C.
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F551617018  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Antiochus II.jpg
    Antiochus II.jpg
    Antiochus II 'Theos' King of Syria
    Antiochus II 'Theos' King of Syria