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Ramses II, Pharaoh of Egypt

Ramses II, Pharaoh of Egypt

Male Abt 1302 B.C. - Abt 1213 B.C.

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  • Name Ramses II  
    Suffix Pharaoh of Egypt 
    Born Abt 1302 B.C. 
    Gender Male 
    Died Abt 1213 B.C. 
    Notes 
    • «b»http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_children_of_Ramesses_II

      List of children of Ramesses II



      http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps23/ps23_008.htm


      «/b»Ramses II (reigned 1279-1212 BC), ancient Egyptian king, third ruler of the 19th Dynasty, the son of Seti I. During the early part of his reign Ramses fought to regain the territory in Africa and western Asia that Egypt had held during the 16th and 15th centuries BC. His principal opponents were the Hittites, a powerful people of Asia Minor, against whom he waged a long war. The major battle of this war was fought in 1274 at Kadesh, in northern Syria, and was hailed by Ramses as a great triumph. Neither power achieved a conclusive victory, however, and in 1258 BC a treaty was signed whereby the contested lands were divided and Ramses agreed to marry the daughter of the Hittite king. The remaining years of his rule were distinguished by the construction of such monuments as the rock-hewn temple of Abu Simbel, the great hypostyle hall in the Temple of Amon at Karnak, and the mortuary temple at Thebes, known as the Ramesseum.


      Abu Simbel, site of two temples in southern Egypt, on the Nile River, south of Aswan. The temples were carved into a sandstone cliff about 1250 BC during the reign of Ramses II. The interior of the larger temple is more than 55 m (about 180 ft) in depth and consists of a series of halls and chambers leading to a central sanctuary. This temple was dedicated by Ramses II to the chief gods of Heliopolis, Memphis, and Thebes. It is oriented so that the rays of the rising sun illuminate the statues of the three gods and of Ramses II in the innermost sanctuary. The smaller temple was dedicated by Ramses to his queen, Nefertari, and to the goddess Hathor. The facade of the larger temple has four sitting statues of Ramses II, each more than 20 m (about 65 ft) in height. Smaller statues of Ramses II, Nefertari, and their children adorn the facadeof Nefertari's temple. The larger temple has numerous inscriptions and reliefs, some of them of unusual historical interest. A series of reliefs depicts the battle between the Egyptians and the Hittites at Kadesh. Two of the large sitting statues of Ramses have inscriptions in Greek dating from the 6th century BC. They were written by Greek mercenary soldiers and are among the earliest dated Greek inscriptions.The temples, the most important monuments of ancient Nubia, were unknown to the West until 1812, when they were discovered by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. In 1964 an international project was begun to save the temples from inundation by Lake Nasser, the reservoir of the Aswan High Dam. In a remarkable engineering feat, the temples were cut apart and, in 1968, reassembled on a site 64 m (210 ft) above the river.
    Person ID I61637  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Seti I,   b. Abt 1323 B.C.,   d. 1279 B.C. 
    Mother Tuya (Thuya) of EGYPT, queen,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F551617771  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Maetnefrure of Khatti,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Merenptah, King of Egypt,   d. 1203 B.C.
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F551617710  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Isetnofret,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Children 
     1. Kraemwase of Egypt,   b. Abt 1272 B.C.,   d. Bef 1213 B.C.
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F551617770  Group Sheet

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