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Ahmose I, 1st PHARAOH of 18th Dynasty

Ahmose I, 1st PHARAOH of 18th Dynasty

Male Abt 1555 B.C. - 1525 B.C.

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  • Name Ahmose I  
    Suffix 1st PHARAOH of 18th Dynasty 
    Born Abt 1555 B.C. 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1525 B.C. 
    Buried Mummy found in Deir el-Bahri cache, but was likely originally buried in Abydos Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • «b»

      «/b»aka Nebpehtyre Ahmose (Ahmes); founded the NEW KINGDOM (EGYPT); poss. the `Pharaoh of the Oppression' of EXODUS


      «u»Reign «/u»«/b» 1550\endash 1525 BC («u»disputed «/u»)
      25 years in Manetho, «u»18th Dynasty

      «b»Ahmose I«/b» (sometimes written «i»Amosis I«/i» and "Amenes" and meaning «i»Born of the «u»Moon «/u»«/i» or «i»Born of «u»Yah «/u»«/i») was a «u»pharaoh «/u» of «u»ancient Egypt «/u» and the founder of the «u»Eighteenth dynasty «/u». He was a member of the «u»Theban «/u» royal house, the son of pharaoh «u»Tao II Seqenenre «/u» and brother of the last pharaoh of the «u»Seventeenth dynasty «/u», King «u»Kamose «/u». Sometime during the reign of his father or grandfather, Thebes rebelled against the «u»Hyksos «/u», the rulers of «u»Lower Egypt «/u». When he was seven his father was killed,«u»[6]«/u» and he was about ten when his brother died of unknown causes, after reigning only three years. Ahmose I assumed the throne after the death of his brother,«u»[7]«/u» and upon coronation became known as «b»Neb-Pehty-Re«/b» («i»The Lord of Strength is «u»Re «/u»«/i»).

      During his reign, he completed the conquest and expulsion of the Hyksos from the «u»delta region «/u», restored Theban rule over the whole of Egypt and successfully reasserted Egyptian power in its formerly subject territories of «u»Nubia «/u» and «u»Canaan «/u».«u»[7]«/u» He then reorganized the administration of the country, reopened «u»quarries «/u», «u»mines«/u» and trade routes and began massive construction projects of a type that had not been undertaken since the time of the «u»Middle Kingdom «/u». This building program culminated in the construction of the last «u»pyramid «/u» built by native Egyptian rulers. Ahmose's reign laid the foundations for the «u»New Kingdom «/u», under which Egyptian power reached its peak. His reign is usually «u»dated to about 1550\endash 1525 BC «/u».


      «/b»For more details on this topic, see «u»Family tree of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt «/u»

      Ahmose descended from the «u»Theban Seventeenth Dynasty «/u». His grandfather and grandmother, «u»Tao I «/u» and «u»Tetisheri «/u», had at least twelve children, including «u»Tao II «/u» and «u»Ahhotep «/u». The brother and sister, according to the tradition of Egyptian queens, married; their children were «u»Kamose «/u», Ahmose I and several daughters.«u»[8]«/u» Ahmose I followed in the tradition of his father and married several of his sisters, making «u»Ahmose-Nefertari «/u» his chief wife.«u»[9]«/u» They had several children including daughters Meretamun B, Sitamun A and sons Siamun A, Ahmose-ankh,«u»[10]«/u» «u»Amenhotep I «/u» and Ramose A«u»[11]«/u» (the "A" and "B" designations after the names are a convention used by Egyptologists to distinguish between royal children and wives that otherwise have the same name). They may also have been the parents of Mutneferet A, who would become the wife of later successor «u»Thutmose I «/u». Ahmose-ankh was Ahmose's heir apparent, but he preceded his father in death sometime between Ahmose's 17th and 22nd «u»regnal year «/u».«u»[12]«/u» Ahmose was succeeded instead by his eldest surviving son, «u»Amenhotep I «/u», with whom he might have shared «u»a short coregency «/u». He captured the Second cataract fortresses.

      There was no distinct break in the line of the royal family between the 17th and 18th dynasties. The historian «u»Manetho «/u», writing much later during the «u»Ptolemaic dynasty «/u», considered the final expulsion of the Hyksos after nearly a century and the restoration of native Egyptian rule over the whole country a significant enough event to warrant the start of a new dynasty.«u»[13]
      «b»Dates and length of reign

      «/b»Ahmose's reign can be fairly accurately dated using the «u»Heliacal rise of Sirius «/u» in his «u»successor's reign «/u», but because of disputes over where the observation was made from, he has been assigned a reign from 1570\endash 1546, 1560\endash 1537 and 1551\endash 1527 by various sources.«u»[14][15]«/u» «u»Manetho «/u» gives Ahmose a reign of 25 years and 4 months;«u»[14]«/u» this figure is supported by a 'Year 22' inscription from his reign at the stone quarries of «u»Tura «/u».«u»[16]«/u» A medical examination of his «u»mummy «/u» indicates that he died when he was about thirty-five, supporting a 25-year reign if he came to the throne at the age of 10.«u»[14]«/u» Alternative dates for his reign (1194 to 1170 BC) have been suggested by «u»David Rohl «/u», dissenting from the generally accepted dates, but these are rejected by the majority of Egyptologists.«u»[17]«/u»
    Person ID I61697  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Seqenenre Tao II, King) of THEBES,   b. Abt 1580 B.C.,   d. 1553 B.C. 
    Mother Ahhotep I, Queen of EGYPT,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F551617753  Group Sheet

     1. Mutnofret,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F551617752  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Ahmose-Sitkamose,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Last Modified 18 Dec 2009 
    Family ID F551617763  Group Sheet

    Family 3 Ahmose-Nefertari,   d. Yes, date unknown 
     1. Ahmose-Meritamon,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Amenhotep I, PHARAOH of EGYPT,   d. Abt 1493 B.C.
     3. Ahmose Sapair,   d. Yes, date unknown
     4. Ahmose-ankh,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 18 Dec 2009 
    Family ID F551617764  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Ahmose I
    Ahmose I
    A fragmentary statue of Ahmose I, Metropolitan Museum of Art.