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Ahhotep I, Queen of EGYPT

Ahhotep I, Queen of EGYPT

Female - Yes, date unknown

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  • Name Ahhotep I  
    Suffix Queen of EGYPT 
    Gender Female 
    Name Ahhotep (Ahotop) I 
    Died Yes, date unknown 
    • «b»

      Ahhotep I«/b» (alternatively spelled «i»Ahhotpe«/i» or «i»Aahhotep«/i», «i»meaning "«u»Peace «/u» of the «u»Moon «/u»"«/i»), was an «u»Ancient Egyptian «/u» queen who lived circa «u»1560 «/u»- «u»1530 «/u» BC, during the early «u»New Kingdom «/u». A member of the «u»Seventeenth dynasty of ancient Egypt «/u», she was the daughter of Queen «u»Tetisheri «/u» (known as Teti the Small) and «u»Tao I «/u», and was likely the sister, as well as the wife, of pharaoh «u»Seqenenre «/u» Tao II. She was a highly decorated «u»warrior «/u».

      She is considered to have been a pivotal figure in the history of «u»Ancient Egypt «/u», perhaps the founder of the «u»eighteenth dynasty «/u». Ahhotep I had a long and influential life. She is thought to have ruled as «u»regent «/u» after the death of Tao II and enabled two of her sons who became pharaohs, «u»Kamose «/u» and «u»Ahmose I «/u», to unite Egypt following the «u»Hyksos «/u» occupation. What is more, her «u»matrilineal «/u» succession would extend through the eighteenth dynasty, ending with Nefertiti's daughter Ankhesenpaaten.


      «/b»She is considered by some historians to be the founder of the eighteenth dynasty, although this is debated by some others. Her husband, pharaoh «u»Tao II «/u», had been the pharaoh of only «u»Upper Egypt «/u». At that time the invaders of the Intermediate Period, the «u»Hyksos «/u», controlled «u»Lower Egypt «/u». It is thought that after his death in battle against the Hyksos, Ahhotep played a crucial role in government, warfare, and guidance of Upper Egypt.

      Ahhotep and her sons, Kamose and Ahmose, managed to unite Upper and Lower Egypt by expelling the Hyksos. They assumed full power over the country, and when «u»Kamose «/u», as his father had, died before they were able to defeat the Hyksos, Ahmose assumed the throne. However, evidence suggests that this occurred when «u»Ahmose I «/u» was too young to rule, and hence, Ahhotep became «u»regent «/u» and the Hyksos were driven out.

      Ahhotep lived until she was approximately ninety years old and was buried beside Kamose at «u»Thebes «/u». Evidence suggests that she played an important role during the unsettled «u»second intermediate period «/u» and was influential in driving the «u»Hyksos «/u» invaders out of «u»Egypt «/u» following the death of her husband.


      «/b»Ahhotep I was the daughter of queen «u»Tetisheri «/u» and «u»Tao I «/u». She was the royal wife of the seventeenth dynasty king «u»Tao II «/u»; he is believed to have been her brother, following the ancient Egyptian tradition of marrying a royal princess to become king and to keep royal blood within the family. The royal line is traced through the women of Ancient Egypt.

      One theory is that Ahhotep was the mother of two pharaohs, «u»Kamose «/u» and «u»Ahmose I «/u», who succeeded «u»Tao II «/u» after he was killed in a battle against the «u»Hyksos «/u». Although it now looks far more likely that «u»Kamose «/u» was a brother of «u»Tao II «/u», Ahhotep's brother and husband, and only succeeded the latter due to the combination of the strife Upper Egypt was facing and the young age of «u»Ahmose I «/u», who was without question the offspring of Ahhotep and Tao II. Kamose may have been killed in battle against the Hyksos as well. Ahotep I served as «u»regent «/u» between the reign of the two.

      Other children of Queen Ahhotep I include the later Queen «u»Ahmose-Nefertari «/u» who was married to her brother «u»Ahmose I «/u». There were also Prince «u»Ahmose Sipair «/u», Prince «u»Binpu «/u», Princess «u»Ahmose-Henutemipet «/u», Princess «u»Ahmose-Nebetta «/u», and Princess «u»Ahmose-Tumerisy «/u».


      «/b»Ahhotep's tomb was discovered nearly intact in AD 1859 in «u»Dra Abu el-Naga «/u» at «u»Thebes «/u».

      Ahhotep's mummy was found badly decayed in a gilded coffin, containing many weapons and pieces of jewelry. These burial artifacts consisted of bracelets, collars, pendants, a necklace, a ceremonial axes, and daggers, as well as two model ships of silver and gold.


      «tab»«/b»Lawless, Jennifer «i»Studies in Ancient Egypt«/i»

      «tab»Callender (1995) «i»The eye of Horus«/i»

      «tab»Grimal, Nicholas (1994) «i»A history of Ancient Egypt«/i», Oxford

      «u»«tab»Eternal Egypt

      «tab»Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson (2004) «u»ISBN 0-500-05128-3 «/u», pp. 126-127
    Person ID I61698  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Senakhtenre Tao I, PHARAOH at THEBES,   b. Abt 1605 B.C.,   d. 1558 B.C. 
    Mother Tetisheri of THEBES, Queen of EGYPT,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F551617754  Group Sheet

    Family Seqenenre Tao II, King) of THEBES,   b. Abt 1580 B.C.,   d. 1553 B.C. 
     1. Ahmose I, 1st PHARAOH of 18th Dynasty,   b. Abt 1555 B.C.,   d. 1525 B.C.
     2. Kamose, King of THEBES,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F551617753  Group Sheet

  • Photos
    Ahhotep I
    Ahhotep I
    Sarcophagus of Queen Ahhotep I, the queen regent during the late 17th dynasty and Ahmose I's mother.
    Ahhotep I
    Ahhotep I
    Ahhotep I
    Ahhotep I