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Senakhtenre Tao I, PHARAOH at THEBES

Male Abt 1605 B.C. - 1558 B.C.

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  • Name Senakhtenre Tao I  
    Suffix PHARAOH at THEBES 
    Born Abt 1605 B.C. 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1558 B.C. 
    • «b»

      «/b»aka Sanakhtenre Ta'o; 13th/9th PHARAOH of the 17th Dynasty of EGYPT; (he followed his father Inyotef VII but there seem to be different numbering schemes)

      «u»Reign «/u»«/b» c.1 year«u»[1]«/u», «u»17th Dynasty

      «/u»«b»Senakhtenre Tao I«/b» was a «u»Pharaoh «/u» of Egypt of the «u»Seventeenth dynasty of Egypt «/u» based in «u»Upper Egypt «/u» during the «u»Second Intermediate Period «/u». He was born c.1605 BC and died c.1560 or 1558 BC at the latest. His prenomen Senakhtenre means "Perpetuated like Re." 2]

      He may or may not have been the son of «u»Intef VII «/u», the successor of Nebkheperre «u»Intef VI «/u». The Danish Egyptologist «u»Kim Ryholt «/u» observes that "since «i»Senaktenre«/i» was remembered as one of the Lords of the West alongside Seqenenre and Kamose, he is generally believed to have been a member of the family of Ahmose and as such identified with the otherwise unidentified spouse" of Queen «u»Tetisheri «/u», Ahmose's grandmother.«u»[3]«/u» He was succeeded by his son, «u»Seqenenre Tao II «/u». Unlike his two successors Tao II, and «u»Kamose «/u», Senakhtenre is a relatively obscure king who is not attested "by [any] contemporary sources (by his prenomen) but exclusively by sources dating from the New Kingdom: the «u»Karnak Canon «/u» [of Tuthmose III] and [in] two Theban tombs." «u»[4]«/u» Donald Redford's book mentions these 2 «u»Theban «/u» tombs.«u»[5]«/u» The archaeological evidence suggest that his reign was very brief and lasted only several months or 1 year at the most.

      Ryholt observes that Senakhtenre's nomen may have been Siamun rather than Tao since:

      "this nomen is inscribed on one of two stamp-seals found together in a tomb at Dra Abu el-Naga, the other being inscribed with the prenomen Seqenenre [whose nomen was Tao]. It has been suggested that Siamun here was used as an epithet. In that case, it would stand in the place of a nomen since it follows immediatedly upon the title 'Son of Re.' However apart from the fact that Kamose sometimes replaced his with the epithet 'the mighty ruler'...for political reasons during the war with Apophis, the title 'Son of Re' is always followed by a proper nomen during the Second Intermediate Period. Since Siamun was a popular name during this period and the New Kingdom, it seems more likely that we are dealing with a name than an epithet. The fact that the two seals were found together and are virtually identical in workmanship suggests that they were produced at about the same time and given to the official from whose tomb they come. Siamun must therefore be more or less contemporary with Seqenenre, and since it is not possible to identify Siamun with his successor (this being Kamose), it may be suggested that Siamun was the nomen of his predecessor Senakhtenre."«u»[6]«/u»


      «u»1. ^«/u»«/b» Senakhtenre is not attested by a single contemporary document or object. All references to him are posthumous and date to the New Kingdom period
      «u»«b»2. ^«/u»«/b» Peter Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs. Thames and Hudson Ltd., 2006. p.94
      «u»«b»3. ^«/u»«/b» Kim Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period, Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications, Museum Tusculanum Press, 1997. pp.278-79
      «u»«b»4. ^«/u»«/b» Ryholt, p.278
      «u»«b»5. ^«/u»«/b» Redford: 43, 48 [12]
      «u»«b»6. ^«/u»«/b» Ryholt, pp.279-80


      «tab»«/b»Clayton, Peter (2006). «i»Chronicle of the Pharaohs«/i». Thames and Hudson Ltd.
      «tab»Redford, Donald (1986). "Pharaonic King-Lists, Annals, and Day-Books: A Contribution to the Study of the Egyptian Sense of History". «i»SSEA Publication«/i» (Mississauga, Ontario: Benben Publications).
      «tab»Ryholt, Kim (1997). «i»The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period«/i». Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press: Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications. «u»ISBN «/u» «u»87-7289-421-0 «/u»

    Person ID I61700  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Intef VII, PHARAOH at THEBES,   b. Abt 1630 B.C.,   d. 1580 B.C. 
    Family ID F551617755  Group Sheet

    Family Tetisheri of THEBES, Queen of EGYPT,   d. Yes, date unknown 
     1. Ahhotep I, Queen of EGYPT,   d. Yes, date unknown
     2. Seqenenre Tao II, King) of THEBES,   b. Abt 1580 B.C.,   d. 1553 B.C.
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F551617754  Group Sheet