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Seqenenre Tao II, King) of THEBES

Male Abt 1580 B.C. - 1553 B.C.

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  • Name Seqenenre Tao II  
    Suffix King) of THEBES 
    Born Abt 1580 B.C. 
    Gender Male 
    Died 1553 B.C. 
    Buried Mummy found in Deir el-Bahri cache, but was likely originally buried in Abydos Find all individuals with events at this location 
    • «b»

      «/b»14th PHARAOH of the 17th Dynasty of EGYPT; aka Seqenenre Ta'o


      Seqenenre Tao II«/b», (also «b»Sekenenra Taa«/b»), called «i»The Brave«/i», ruled over the last of the local kingdoms of the «u»Theban «/u» region of Egypt in the «u»Seventeenth Dynasty «/u» during the «u»Second Intermediate Period «/u». He probably was the son and successor to Senaktenre «u»Tao I the Elder «/u» and Queen «u»Tetisheri «/u». The dates of his reign are uncertain, but he may have risen to power in the decade ending in «u»1560 BC «/u» or in «u»1558 BC «/u» (based on the probable accession date of «u»Ahmose I «/u», the first ruler of the «u»eighteenth dynasty «/u»). (see «u»Egyptian chronology «/u»). With his queen, «u»Ahhotep I «/u», Seqenenre Tao II fathered two pharaohs, Kamose, his immediate successor who was the last pharaoh of the seventeenth dynasty and Ahmose I who, following a regency by his mother, was the first pharaoh of the eighteenth.

      Seqenenre Tao II is credited with starting the opening moves in the war of liberation against the «u»Hyksos «/u», which was ended by his son Ahmose.

      Later New Kingdom literary tradition states that Seqenenre Tao II came into contact with his Hyksos contemporary in the north, «u»Aawoserra Apopi «/u». The tradition took the form of a tale in which the Hyksos king Apopi sent a messenger to Seqenenre in Thebes to demand that the Theban «u»hippopotamus «/u» pool be done away with, for the noise of these beasts was such, that he was unable sleep in far-away «u»Avaris «/u». Perhaps the only historical information that can be gleaned from the tale is that Egypt was a divided land, the area of direct Hyksos control being in the north, but the whole of Egypt paying tribute to the Hyksos kings.

      Seqenenre Tao II participated in active diplomatic posturing, which consisted of more than simply exchanging insults with the Asiatic ruler in the North. He seems to have led military skirmishes against the Hyksos and, judging from the vicious head wound on his mummy in the Cairo Museum, may have died during one of them.

      His son and successor «b»Wadj-kheper-re «u»Kamose «/u»«/b», the last ruler of the seventeenth dynasty at Thebes, is credited with launching a successful campaign in the Theban war of liberation against the Hyksos, although he is thought to have died in the campaign. His mother, «u»Ahhotep I «/u», is thought to have ruled as regent after the death of Kamose and continued the warfare against the Hyksos until «u»Ahmose I «/u», the second son of Seqenenre Tao II and Ahhotep I, was old enough to assume the throne and complete the expulsion of the Hyksos and the unification of Egypt.
    Person ID I61707  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 

    Father Senakhtenre Tao I, PHARAOH at THEBES,   b. Abt 1605 B.C.,   d. 1558 B.C. 
    Mother Tetisheri of THEBES, Queen of EGYPT,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F551617754  Group Sheet

    Family Ahhotep I, Queen of EGYPT,   d. Yes, date unknown 
     1. Ahmose I, 1st PHARAOH of 18th Dynasty,   b. Abt 1555 B.C.,   d. 1525 B.C.
     2. Kamose, King of THEBES,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F551617753  Group Sheet