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Hatshepsut, Queen & PHARAOH of EGYPT

Female - 1482 B.C.

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  • Name Hatshepsut  
    Suffix Queen & PHARAOH of EGYPT 
    Gender Female 
    Died 1482 B.C. 
    Cause: poss. murdered by Thutmose III 
    • «b»

      «/b»5th Ruler of the 18th Dynasty; among other great deeds, imported myrrh and ivory from East Africa; (her mummy was discovered in 2007)

      Died: 1482 BC poss. murdered by Thutmose III


      «b»Amenhotep I«/b» (sometimes read as «b»Amenophis I«/b» and meaning "«u»Amun «/u» is satisfied") was the second «u»Pharaoh «/u» of the «u»18th dynasty «/u» of «u»Egypt «/u». His reign is «u»generally dated from 1526 to 1506 BC «/u». He was born to «u»Ahmose I «/u» and «u»Ahmose-Nefertari «/u», but had at least two elder brothers, «u»Ahmose-ankh «/u» and «u»Ahmose Sapair «/u», and was not expected to «u»inherit the throne «/u». However, sometime in the eight years between Ahmose I's 17th «u»regnal year «/u» and his death, his «u»heir apparent «/u» died and Amenhotep became «u»crown prince «/u».«u»[3]«/u» He then acceded to the throne and ruled for about 21 years.«u»[1]
      Although his reign is poorly documented, it is possible to piece together a basic history from available evidence. He inherited the kingdom formed by his father's military conquests and maintained dominance over «u»Nubia «/u» and the «u»Nile Delta «/u», but probably did not attempt to keep power in «u»Syria-Palestine «/u». He continued to rebuild temples in «u»Upper Egypt «/u», and revolutionized mortuary complex design by separating his «u»tomb «/u» from his «u»mortuary temple «/u», setting a trend which would persist throughout the «u»New Kingdom «/u». After his death, he was «u»deified «/u» into the patron god of «u»Deir el-Medina «/u».«u»[4]«/u»


      «/b»Amenhotep I was the son of «u»Ahmose I «/u» and «u»Ahmose-Nefertari «/u». His elder brothers, the crown prince «u»Ahmose Sapair «/u» and «u»Ahmose-ankh «/u», died before him, thus clearing the way for his ascension to the throne.«u»[5]«/u» Amenhotep probably came to power while he was still young himself, and his mother, Ahmose-Nefertari, appears to have been regent for him for at least a short time.«u»[6]«/u» This is evidenced because both he and his mother are credited with opening a worker village at the site of Deir el-Medina.«u»[6]«/u» Amenhotep took his sister «u»Ahmose-Meritamon «/u» as his «u»Great Royal Wife «/u».«u»[7]«/u» Another wife's name, Sitkamose, is attested on a nineteenth dynasty «u»stele «/u».«u»[8]
      Beyond this, his relation to all other possible family members has been questioned. «u»Ahhotep II «/u» is usually called his wife and sister,«u»[7]«/u» despite an alternate theory that she was his grandmother.«u»[8]«/u» He is thought to have had one son by Ahhotep II, Amenemhat, who died while still very young.«u»[7]«/u» This remains the consensus, although there are arguments against that relationship as well.«u»[8]«/u» With no living heirs, Amenhotep was succeeded by «u»Thutmose I «/u», whom he married to his sister, «u»Aahmes «/u»,«u»[7]«/u» although once again there is no definite proof that the two were related. Since Aahmes is never called "King's Daughter" in any inscription, some scholars doubt this relation as well.«u»[8]
      «b»Dates and length of reign

      «/b»In the ninth year of Amenhotep I, a «u»heliacal rise of Sothis «/u» was observed on the ninth day of the third month of summer.«u»[9]«/u» Modern astronomers have calculated that, if the observation was made from «u»Memphis «/u» or «u»Heliopolis«/u», such an observation could only have been made on that day in 1537 BC. If the observation was made in «u»Thebes «/u», however, it could only have taken place in 1517.«u»[10]«/u» The latter choice is usually accepted as correct since Thebes was the capital of early 18th dynasty Egypt; hence, Amenhotep I is given an accession date in 1526 BC,«u»[9]«/u» although the possibility of 1546 BC is not entirely dismissed.

      «u»Manetho «/u»'s Epitome states that Amenhotep I ruled Egypt for 20 Years and 7 Months or 21 Years, depending on the «u»source «/u».«u»[11]«/u» While Amenhotep I's highest attested official date is only his Year 10, Manetho's data is confirmed by information from a passage in the tomb autobiography of a Magician named Amenemhet. This individual explicitly states that he served under Amenhotep I for 21 Years.«u»[12]«/u» Thus, in the high chronology, Amenhotep I is given a reign from around 1546 to 1526 BC and, in the low chronology, from around 1526 to 1506 BC or 1525 to 1504 BC,«u»[13]«/u» though individual scholars may vary by a few years.
    Person ID I61721  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 18 Dec 2009 

    Father Thutmose I,   d. 1493 B.C. 
    Mother Ahmose, queen,   d. Yes, date unknown 
    Family ID F551617766  Group Sheet

    Family Thutmose (Tuthmosis) II, PHARAOH of EGYPT,   d. 1479 B.C. 
     1. Neferure,   d. Yes, date unknown
    Last Modified 18 Dec 2009 
    Family ID F551617767  Group Sheet