Cook Family
Genealogy Pages

Home Page  |  What's New  |  Photos  |  Histories  |  Headstones  |  Reports  |  Surnames

First Name:


Last Name:



John of Gaunt Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Lancaster, King of Castile and Leon.

John of Gaunt Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Lancaster, King of Castile and Leon.[1]

Male 1340 - 1399  (~ 58 years)

Personal Information    |    Media    |    Sources    |    All    |    PDF

  • Photos
    John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
    John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster
    John of Gaunt Coloured Engraving
    John of Gaunt Coloured Engraving
    John of Gaunt Painting
    John of Gaunt Painting
    John of Gaunt Engraving
    John of Gaunt Engraving
    John of Gaunt
    John of Gaunt
    Duke of Lancaster; Duke of Aquitaine
    John of Gaunt Arms
    John of Gaunt Arms

  • Name John of Gaunt Plantagenet 
    Suffix 1st Duke of Lancaster, King of Castile and Leon. 
    Born Mar 1340  Abbays DE St Bav, Ghent, Flandre-Oriental. Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Acceded 13 Nov 1362 
    _FSFTID 9QQC-RYM 
    _FSLINK https://familysearch.org/tree/#view=ancestor&person=9QQC-RYM 
    Died 3 Feb 1399  Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Buried 15 Mar 1399  St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Greater London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Notes 
    • «b»http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/PLANTAGENET2.htm«/b»


      PLANTAGENET FAMILY

      III. LANCASTER LINE

      John "of Gaunt" PLANTAGENET (1º D. Lancaster)

      Acceded: 13 Nov 1362

      Knight of the Garter. Earl of Richmond. Some say born Jun 1340, but see CP vol.XIV,p.421. Earl of Derby, Lincoln. Duke of Aquitaine. Lord of Beaufort & Nogent. Burke says he died at Ely House, Holborn. King of Castilla & Leon. Lord of Bergerac & Roche-sur-Yon. The Complete Peer age vol.VII,pp.410-416 & vol.XIV,p.421.
      Reigned as Duke Of Lancaster. King Of Castile And Leon

      «b»http://www.hull.ac.uk/php/cssbct/cgi-bin/gedlkup.php/n=royal?royal01236«/b»

      and Earl of Richmond. Some say born Jun 1340, but see CP vol.XIV,p.421.
      Earl of Derby, Lincoln. Duke of Aquitaine. Lord of Beaufort & Nogent.
      Burke says he died at Ely House, Holborn
      King of Castile & Leon. Lord of Bergerac & Roche-sur-Yon.

      «b»The Complete Peerage vol.VII,pp.410-416 & vol.XIV,p.421.«/b»

      Prince John of Gaunt, the fourth son of King «u»Edward III «/u» and Queen Philippa, was born at Ghent (alias Gaunt) in Flanders, in 1340. In his infancy, he was created Earl of Richmond and, by that title, admitted into the Order of the Garter upon the death of Thomas Holland, Earl of Kent, one of the original knights. In 1359, at «u»Reading Abbey <http://www.berkshirehistory.com/churches/reading_abbey.html>«/u» in Berkshire, he married Blanche, the younger of the two daughters and co-heirs of Henry, Duke of Lancaster, and upon the death of his father-in-law, in 1361, he was advanced to that Dukedom. He further held, in right of his wife, the Earldoms of Derby, Lincoln and Leicester, and the high office of Steward of England.
      Blanche, dying in 1369, the ambition of the Duke - who had taken an active part in the war carried on by the his brother, Black Prince, for the restoration of Peter, King of Castile & Leon - induced him to direct his views towards Constance, the elder of the two daughters of that monarch, then lately slain by his illegitimate brother, Henry of Transtamare, his successor under the title of Henry II. In 1372, the Duke married this princess and thus assumed the regal style of those kingdoms. These titular honours were ascribed to him in the writs of summons to Parliament from that year until 1386, when, by an arrangement with King John I of Castile & Leon, the son and successor of Henry, Catherine, the only daughter of the Duke of Lancaster by Constance, was betrothed to Henry, Prince of Asturias, his heir-apparent, and the crown settled upon the issue of that alliance.
      Although John of Gaunt had been engaged in warlike enterprises from his earliest years, yet his martial achievements did not increase the lustre of British glory or secure for himself the character of a great commander. In three expeditions into France, in 1369, 1370 and 1373, he gained no laurels and the peculiar misfortunes which attended the last, when a considerable number of his followers perished amongst the mountains of Auvergne, rendered him very unpopular on his return to England in July 1374. All Guienne and Gascony, with the exception of the towns of Bordeaux and Bayonne, had fallen from their allegiance and a suspension of hostilities was negotiated at Bruges, by the Duke and others, with the Duke of Anjou, before the expiration of that year.
      After the death of the Black Prince, in 1376, the Duke of Lancaster acquired a marked ascendency in the councils of the infirm monarch, his father. His administration of public affairs is said, furthermore, to have been stained by several acts of violence. On the 16th June 1386, "at the palace of John of Gaunt, King of Castile & Leon, in the convent of the Friars Carmelites, at Plymouth" (where he was then sojourning prior to his embarkation for Spain), he gave his remarkable testimony in favour of the right of Sir Richard Scrope to the arms borne by him in the celebrated controversy between Scrope and Sir Robert Grosvenor. John continued to govern the Kingdom during the minority of his nephew, «u»Richard II «/u», by whom, in 1389, he was created Duke of Aquitaine. His power increasing, he proffered, in open parliament, a claim to the succession for his son, Henry «i»Bolingbroke «/i»(later «u»King Henry IV «/u», as son to Blanche, great-grandaughter of Edmund «i»Crouchback«/i», Earl of Lancaster, whom, he pretended, had been elder brother to «u»King Edward I«/u», but set aside on account of his deformity. The weakness of this pretension, which, if established, would have been fatal to the reigning monarch, was opposed, without difficulty, by Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, who, as son and heir of Philippa, the daughter and heir of his elder brother, Lionel, Duke of Clarence, had, by the laws of the empire, an indisputably prior right and was, accordingly, declared the presumptive heir to the crown.
      The Duchess Constance dying in 1394, John espoused, in 1396, Catherine, daughter of Sir Paine Roet, Guienne King of Arms, and widow of Sir Hugh Swynford, a knight of Lincolnshire. This lady had been of the household of the Duchess Blanche and charged with the education of the ladies Philippa and Elizabeth during their minority.
      On the 3rd February 1399, John «i»of Gaunt«/i», Duke of Lancaster, died in Leicester Castle. Conforming to his will, dated the same day, his body was interred before the high altar of Old St. Paul's Cathedral, near the remains of Blanche, his first consort.
      By his first consort, Blanche of Lancaster, he had issue:
      1. Henry, Duke of Hereford & Lancaster and Earl of Derby, afterwards King Henry IV.
      2. Philippa, married to John I, King of Portugal. Seven kings pf her issue governed that country.
      3. Elizabeth, married, firstly, to John Holland, Duke of Exeter, and, secondly, Sir John Cornwall Lord Fanhope.
      By his second consort, Constance of Castile, John of Gaunt had an only daughter, Catherine, wife of Henry, Prince of Asturias, afterwards Henry III, King of Castile & Leon. The descendants of this alliance were on the throne of Spain until King Charles II, who died in 1700.
      His issue, before his marriage to his third consort, Catherine Swynford, were legitimated by Act of Parliament, 9th February 1397. They were all surnamed 'De Beaufort,' having been born at Beaufort Castle in France, which had devolved to the Huse of Lancaster by the marriage of Blanche of Artois with Edmund, Earl of Lancaster. They were:
      1. John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset and Marquis of Dorset, KG
      2. «u»Henry Beaufort <http://www.nashfordpublishing.co.uk/bishops/henry_beaufort.html>«/u», Bishop of Lincoln, afterwards of Winchester, and, at length, Cardinal and Chancellor of England
      3. Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter, KG
      4. Joan Beaufort, married, firstly, to Sir Robert Ferrers of Worn and Oversley; and, secondly, to Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmorland. Her grandsons included «u»Richard, Earl of Warwick <http://www.berkshirehistory.com/bios/rneville_eofw.html>«/u» «i»'the Kingmaker,'«/i» Kings Edward IV and Richard III.
      «i»Edited from George Frederick Beltz's 'Memorials of the Most Noble Order of the Garter' (1841)«/i»
    Person ID I3685  Glenn Cook Family
    Last Modified 5 Oct 2015 

    Father Edward III Plantagenet, King of England,   b. 13 Nov 1312, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 21 Jun 1377, Shene Palace, Surrey, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 64 years) 
    Mother Phillipa of Hainault de Avesness, Queen of England,   b. 24 Jun 1311, Mons, Hainault, Belgium Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 15 Aug 1369, Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 58 years) 
    Married 24 Jan 1328  York, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [3
    Family ID F395  Group Sheet

    Family 1 Blanche of Lancaster Plantagenet, Countess of Derby,   b. 25 Mar 1341, Lancaster, Lancasshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 12 Sep 1368, Bolingbroke Castle, Lincoln Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 27 years) 
    Married 19 May 1359  Reading Abbey, Berkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
     1. Phillippa of Lancaster Plantagenet, Queen of Portugal,   b. 31 Mar 1360, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 19 Jul 1415, Odivellas, Lisbon Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 55 years)
     2. Elizabeth of Lancaster Plantagenet, Duches of Exeter,   b. 1364, Burford, Shropshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Nov 1425  (Age 61 years)
     3. John Plantagenet,   b. Bef 4 May 1366,   d. 1367  (Age ~ 0 years)
     4. Edward Plantagenet,   b. 1364,   d. 1364  (Age 0 years)
     5. John Plantagenet,   b. 1362,   d. 1365  (Age 3 years)
     6. Henry IV Plantagenet, King of England,   b. 30 May 1366, Bolingbrooke Castle, Lincolnshire Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Mar 1413, Westminster Abbey, London, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 46 years)
     7. Isabel Plantagenet,   b. Abt 1368,   d. 1368  (Age ~ 0 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F537  Group Sheet

    Family 2 Constenza "Constance"Perez of Castlile and Leon, Queen of Castile,   b. 1354, Castrojeriz, Castile Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 24 Mar 1394, Leicester Castle, Leicester, Leicestershire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 40 years) 
    Married 21 Sep 1371  Roquefort, Guienne Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Children 
     1. Lady Katherine de Lancaster Plantagenet,   b. 1374, Hereford Castle Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 2 Jun 1418, Valladolid, Castilla y León, Spain Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 44 years)
     2. John Plantagenet,   b. 1374, Ghent, Flanders Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1375  (Age 1 years)
    Last Modified 30 Nov 2006 
    Family ID F489  Group Sheet

    Family 3 Katherine Swynford de Roet,   b. 25 Nov 1350, Picardy, Hainault, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 10 May 1403, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 52 years) 
    Married 13 Jan 1396  Lincoln Cathedral, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. John of Somerset de Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset,   b. 1373, Near Pottersgate, Lincolnshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 16 Mar 1410, St Katherine by the Tower, London Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 37 years)
     2. Henry de Beaufort, Cardinal,   b. Abt 1375, Chateau de Beauf, "Beaufort Castle", Meurthe-et-Mosel, Anjou, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 11 Apr 1447, Wolvesey Palace, Winchester, Hampshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 72 years)
     3. Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter,   b. Abt 1377,   d. 31 Dec 1426, East Greenwich, Kent Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 49 years)
     4. Joan de Beaufort, Countess of Westmoreland,   b. 1379, Chateau DE Beauf, Meuse-Et-Loire, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 13 Nov 1440, Howden, Yorkshire, England Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 61 years)
    Last Modified 19 Jun 2013 
    Family ID F486  Group Sheet

    Family 4 Marie De St. Hilare,   d. Aft 1399 
    Married Type: Partners 
    _STAT Partners 
    Children 
     1. Blanche Plantagenet,   b. Bef 1360,   d. Abt 1388  (Age ~ 28 years)
    Last Modified 30 Nov 2006 
    Family ID F485  Group Sheet

  • Sources 
    1. [S36] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science, University of Hull, England([email protected]), (This work is Copyright b 1994-2002 Brian C Tompsett).

    2. [S34] P Kent United Kingdom.

    3. [S27] http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/.