1201 - 1252 (50 years)
||Ferdinand III (St.) of Castill |
||King of Castilla |
||5 Aug 1201
||30 May 1252
||Seville, , Andalucía, Spain
||Seville, Andalusia, Spain
- Ferdinand (St.) III of Castile, King of Castile and Leon
Also called SAINT FERDINAND, Spanish SAN FERNANDO, king of Castile from 1217 to 1252 and of Leon from 1230 to 1252 and conqueror of the Muslim cities of Córdoba (1236), Jaén (1246), and Seville (1248). During his campaigns, Murcia submitted to his son Alfonso (later Alfonso X), and the Muslim kingdom of Granada became his vassal.
Ferdinand was the son of Alfonso IX of Leon and Berenguela, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile. When born, he was the heir to Leon, but his uncle, Henry I of Castile, died young, and his mother inherited the crown of Castile, which she conferred on him. His father, like many Leonese, opposed the union, and Ferdinand found himself at war with him. By his will Alfonso IX tried to disinherit his son, but the will was set aside, and Castile and Leon were permanently united in 1230.
Ferdinand married Beatrice of Swabia, daughter of the Holy Roman emperor, a title that Ferdinand's son Alfonso X was to claim. His conquest of Lower Andalusia was the result of the disintegration of the Almohad state. The Castilians and other conquerors occupied the cities, driving out the Muslims and taking over vast estates.
Ferdinand's second wife was Joan of Ponthieu, whom he married in 1237; their daughter Eleanor married the future Edward I of England in 1254. Ferdinand settled in Seville, where he is buried.
Ferdinand was canonized Feb 4, 1671 for his orthodoxy and his crusading against the Moors. He m. (1) Beatrice, dau. of Emperor Philip (of Hohenstaufen). He united Castile & Leon in 1231 on death of his father. Persecuted the Albigenses. His son reigned as Alfonso X "the Wise", King of Castile & Leon (1252-84). Ferdinand had Archbishop Ximenes as Chancellor and founded the University of Salamanca (1243). He rebuilt the cathedral of Burgos and converted the mosque in Seville to a church. His feast is May 30.
King of Castile, León, Toledo, Extremadura, Galicia, Seville, Jaén & Cordoba. Lord of Biscay. He united deffinitively the
kingdoms of Castile and León, and conquered the lands of western Andalusia (cities of Jaen, Cordoba and Seville).
||Glenn Cook Family
||5 Oct 2015 |
||Alfonso IX of Leon, King of Leon, b. 15 Aug 1171, Zamora , d. 24 Sep 1230, Villanueva de Sarria (Age 59 years) |
||Berengaria of Castile, Queen of Castile, b. 1180, d. 8 Nov 1246, Las Huelgas (Age 66 years) |
||Valladolid, Castilla y León, Spain
||Beatrice (Elizabeth) Von Hohenstaufen, b. 1198, d. 11 Aug 1212, Toro (Age 14 years) |
||30 Nov 1219
| ||1. Alfonso X The Wise of Castile, King of Castile, b. 23 Nov 1221, Toledo , d. 4 Apr 1284, Seville, Spain (Age 62 years)|
| ||2. Frederick (Fadrique) of Castile, Infant of Castile, b. Bef 6 Jun 1224, d. 1277 (Age ~ 52 years)|
| ||3. Henry (Enrique) of Castile, Infant of Castile, b. Mar 1230, d. 8 Aug 1303 (Age ~ 73 years)|
| ||4. Philip (Felipe) of Castile, Archbishop of Seville, b. Aft 1231, d. 1274 (Age ~ 42 years)|
| ||5. Leonor of Castile, b. Aft 1232, d. Young|
| ||6. Berenguela of Castile, Nun, b. Aft 1233, d. 1279, Las Huelgas (Age ~ 45 years)|
| ||7. Sancho of Castile, Archbishop Toledoand Seville, b. 1233, d. 27 Oct 1261, Toledo (Age 28 years)|
| ||8. Manuel of Castile, Sn De Villena, b. 1234, Carrion , d. Dec 1283, Penafiel (Age 49 years)|
| ||9. Maria of Castile, Infanta of Castile, b. Bef 5 Nov 1235, d. Bef 5 Nov 1235|
||30 Nov 2006 |
||Johanna (Joan) de Dammartin, Countess Ponthieu, b. 1216, Abbeville, France , d. 15 Mar 1279, Abbeville, France (Age 63 years) |
||Abbey of Las Huelgas, Burgos, Castilla
| ||1. Fernando of Castile, Cde d'Aumale, b. Aft 1239, d. Bef 1269, France (Age ~ 28 years)|
| ||2. Eleanor (Leonor) of Castile, Countess de Ponthieu, b. 1244, Castile, Spain , d. 29 Nov 1290, Herdeby, Near Grantham, Lincolnshire (Age 46 years)|
| ||3. Luis of Castile, Sn de Marchenza, b. Bef 1243, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||4. Simón, d. Yes, date unknown|
| ||5. Juan, d. Yes, date unknown|
||19 Jun 2013 |
- [S36] Directory of Royal Genealogical Data, Brian Tompsett, Dept of Computer Science, University of Hull, England([email protected]), (This work is Copyright b 1994-2002 Brian C Tompsett).